Reincarnation
In History & In Scripture

By John Henry, Th.D
May 2, 2005
 
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Introduction
The Definition of Reincarnation
The Origin and History of Reincarnation
The Doctrines of Reincarnation
Evidence in Favor of & Against Reincarnation
Scriptural Refutation of Reincarnation
Conclusion
 
 
 
“And as it is appointed unto man once to die, But after this the judgement: 
So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look
for Him shall He appear the second time without sin unto salvation.” 
(Hebrews 9:27-28) 
 
“Because He hath appointed a day, in unto the which He will judge the
world in righteousness by that Man whom He hath ordained:  whereof He
hath given assurance unto all men, in that He hath raised Him from the dead.”
(Acts 17:31)

 


INTRODUCTION:
 
The beliefs in both reincarnation and resurrection are very ancient. The satanic doctrine of reincarnation came through a woman, named Semiramis, who claimed that her husband, Nimrod, who had been executed for hideous crimes, was reborn as her son, Tammuz.  This occurred in the forth generation after Noah and the Great Flood (about 4000 years ago). Prior to this God had personally taught Adam and he had 930 years to ponder the Lord’s teaching before he died.  In turn Adam taught his son, Seth, and Seth taught his son Enos, and so on down to Noah.  Then after the Great Flood in the latter years of Noah’s life, Semiramis began teaching reincarnation in Babel. Not long afterwards Job and Abraham were fully knowledgeable and convinced of the Biblical doctrine of resurrection (Job 19:23-27; Genesis 22:1-18; cf. Hebrews 11:17-19).
 
God’s holy and infallible Word, the King James Bible, soundly refutes reincarnation, and clearly teaches resurrection.  The resurrection of Jesus Christ is the single most important event in human history.  The Lord Jesus Christ’s resurrection proved His claim to be God, and His ability to do everything He promised, including raising both all born again believers in Christ to live eternally in Heaven, and all Christ rejecters to stand at the final Judgement to be cast into the Lake of Fire to be tormented forever and ever. 
 
Reincarnationists would have us believe the clever satanic lie that Jesus was only one incarnation of the Christ spirit along with Adam, Buddha, Confucius, Mohammed, and others.  But the Bible says that Christ, the second member of the Trinity (I John 5:7), the Creator of all things (John 1:1-3) “was made flesh…the only begotten of the Father” (John 1:14).  The Bible further states that “there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus” (I Timothy 2:5).  “Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.”  (Acts 4:12; cf. John 14:6)  Adam is not God, but was created by God; Buddha is not the “one mediator between God and men,” but was only a man and there is evidence that he believed in the true God; Confucius was not “the only begotten of the Father,” but was just a confused humanistic philosopher; and like wise, Mohammed was not the one and only unique God Man, but just another in a long line of antichrists (I John 2:18, 4:1-3; II John 7, 9).  The Bible makes it absolutely clear that the Lord Jesus Christ became flesh only once, and that in order to offer Himself as a blood sacrifice for “the sins of the world” (John 1:14, 29; Hebrews 9:22-10:14; I John 2:2).  Then on the third day after the Lord gave His life for us on the cross he rose from the dead (Acts 2:23-24, 3:13-16, 4:33, 5:30, 10:39-43, 13:26-37; I Corinthians 15:3-7). The resurrection of Jesus Christ is the heart of the Gospel message of salvation (Romans 10:9-10; I Corinthians 15:1-3: I Peter 1:3-5; John 5:21, 6:40). 
 
The fact of the matter is that our future life is not determined by our good and bad deeds, which one out weighs the other.  That is called karma in the doctrine of reincarnation. In that false system one’s karma (a balance of good and bad deeds) determines his position in his next incarnation.  The fact of the matter is that every individual’s future is determined by what they do with Christ Jesus in this lifetime.  Whoever receives the Lord Jesus in repentance and faith realizing that it was for his sins that the Lord suffered and died will receive the free gift of eternal life and salvation from Hell, but the one who dies without Christ will suffer the eternal fires of Hell forever.  There will be no second, third, and so on chances to keep coming back until he finally gets it right.  “It is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the Judgement.” (Hebrews 9:27) 
 
Reincarnation (also called metempsychosis and transmigration) is one of the “doctrines of devils” that the Bible speaks of (I Timothy 4:1)!  In reincarnation salvation comes by works (building up good karma). But God expressly says that salvation is “by grace … through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:  Not of works, lest any man boast.” (Ephesians 2:8-9; cf. Titus 3:5)  Reincarnation is a fable, and a lie.  There are only two places that people go to when they die:  Heaven or Hell.  There is no purgatory, no rebirth into another body, no annihilation, and no Nirvana.  Those are also fables anddoctrines of devils” that have their roots in reincarnation. The facts in this study will define reincarnation, examine its origin and history, look at the evidence for and against it, and expose it for what it really is, a lie of Satan.
 
THE DEFINITION OF REINCARNATION:
 
There are three English words that have to do with the return of the soul after death into another body.  They are:
 
Metempsychosis:
  Noah Webster’s 1828 edition of his “American Dictionary Of The English Language” indicates that the word comes from two “Gr[eek words meaning]…beyond, and animation, [or after] life. … [It is] the passing of the soul of a man after death into some other animal body.  Pythagoras and his followers [flourished around 530 B.C.] held that after death the souls of men passed into other bodies, and this doctrine still prevails in some parts of Asia, particularly in India and China.” [1] “[The] transmigration of the soul after death into the body of another man or lower animal.” [2]
 
Transmigration:  “The passing of the soul after death from one body into another [3]  “The passing of the soul into another body, according to the opinion of Pythagoras.” [4] “The belief held by some Hindus that souls are detached from their bodies at death and are attached to other human, animal, or vegetable bodies.  What the new body is depends on the individual’s karma.” [5]
 
Reincarnation:  “The word means ‘to come back into flesh.’ Reincarnationists believe that each soul survives after death and then is reborn into the body of another human being.”  [6]  “The belief that individual souls survive death and are reborn to live again in a different body, thus passing through a series of lives . . . [The] belief is associated with the doctrine of karma. Some traditions believe rebirth is possible only in human bodies; others envision hellish or heavenly states…” [7]
 
Summary of definitions:  Metempsychosis is an obsolete English word that came from Greek.  The ancient Greek philosopher, Pythagras, advanced the concept of an afterlife in which the soul is reanimated in another body.  Transmigration and reincarnation differ primarily in that in transmigration reanimation may be in plant, animal, or human form, but in reincarnation it is generally taught that reanimation is in human form only.  Both reincarnation and transmigration into new forms are determined by the balance of good deeds or merit earned, as opposed to one’s bad works in his previous incarnation.
 
THE ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF REINCARNATION:
 
All of the religions of the world can ultimately be traced back to just two sources:  The Lord God Almighty of holiness and truth, and Satan, the evil deceiver.  Evil people deceived by Satan’s promise that they too can be gods are the propagators of false and occult doctrine.  The lust for power is the stuff that false religion is made of.  The germs of false religion can be traced back to the Fertile Crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, and the ancient city of Babel. “The earliest religions of which we have archaeological information included the practice of some form of astrology. Most of them later developed some belief in reincarnation. … Astrology, the oldest of the man made religions developed indirectly into the other religions and permeates many of them even today. … Out of astrology grew a conglomerate of religions [including Zoroastrianism, Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Taoism, and now the worldwide New Age Movement.  All of these being] based in some fashion on the concepts of karma [and] reincarnation …” [8] The first false religion, astrology, from which reincarnation sprang, is a corruption of God’s Truth.  Reincarnation runs like a fatal hereditary disease through most of the false religions of the world since shortly after the Great Flood of Noah’s day.  It began with the first Antichrist, Nimrod, and has run through the ancient civilizations of Babylon, Egypt, Greece, Persia, India, China, and Mexico and on into modern times. It will culminate in the final Antichrist that the Bible says so much about. 
 
Reincarnation and Astrology: 
 
“The following is the account of Tammuz [who was supposed to be the reincarnation of Nimrod], given by the celebrated Maimonides, deeply read in all the learning of the Chaldeans:  ‘When the false prophet named Thammuz preached to a certain king [believed to be Noah’s son, Shem] that he should worship the seven stars and the twelve signs of the Zodiac, that king ordered him to be put to a terrible death …’” [9]  Shem had come from the other side of the Great Flood with his father and six other family members.  He knew the true meaning of the Pleiades or seven stars (Job 9:9, 38:31), and the twelve signs of the zodiac or mazzaroth (Job 38:32).  Shem knew they were not to be worshiped!
 
The origin of the Zodiac:  “A hundred years ago, a number of French skeptics, gathered together a collection of all the numerous ancient mythologies of various peoples of the world, and demonstrated that these showed a remarkable and astounding correspondence to the teachings concerning Christ and his salvation. They said that since these mythologies - which often involve interpretations of the constellations of the zodiac - very clearly long antedate the [Bible] and the coming of Christ into the world, it was obvious to them Christianity was … borrow[ed] from pagan mythology, dressed up in Hebrew dress and pawned off on a credulous world. … [Hewever] none of the skeptics were able to tell whence came these ancient mythologies, and particularly this understanding of the zodiac - constellations of the sky. Where did these signs come from?  These scholars discovered that their antiquity cannot be ascertained; no matter how far back we go, they are always still there! ... According to Arabic tradition, the signs came from Seth; and [Enos].  This tradition is interesting since it links these signs to the grandson of Adam and says that [Enos] and his father Seth (both men of faith) were the founders of this ancient understanding of the heavens. … Therefore, from the very beginning, God has given a story of salvation from which have come most of the ancient mythologies and ancient traditions.  The signs [of the zodiac] are describing the salvation that would be wrought by Christ, and was given by God to Adam in the Garden of Eden.” [10]

“The Hebrews, the Aztecs, the Babylonians, the Norsemen, the Egyptians, [the Romans, the Hindus, the Persians], and the Chinese all recognize the same constellations (with essentially the same meanings) and the same names of the stars (also with the same meanings).  Underneath the pile of myth, corruption, and idolatry emerges the same basic pattern. … [The] truth is [that] … the heathen religions are a perversion of the original, which came from God in a pure form.” [11

In the very first chapter of the Bible “God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:  And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth:  and it was so.  And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: He made the stars also.  And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness:  and God saw that it was good.” (Genesis 1:14-18)  “The word Mazzaroth [Job 38:32] … means The Separated, The Divided, or The Appointed, and it refers to the allotted spaces given to the twelve signs in the circle of the zodiac.” [12

Not only did God give the twelve Mazzaroth signs, but He also named them along with all the stars individually (Psalm 147:4; Isaiah 40:26).  The names that God assigned them gave the clear Gospel message in the sky.  Here are the names and meanings of some of the brightest stars, and of the twelve signs that mark the divisions of the year:
 
The names of some of the brightest stars with their meanings:  

* Sirius - The Prince (Isaiah 9:6)
* Toliman - The Heretofore and the Hereafter (Revelation 1:8)
* Vega - He shall be exalted (Isaiah 52:13)
* Arcturus - He comes (Job 9:9; Revelation 1:7)
* Regel - The foot that crushes (Genesis 3:15)
* Procyon - The Redeemer (Job 19:25)
* Altair - The Wounded (Zechariah 13:6)
* Pollux - He who comes to suffer (Psalm 22:14-16)
* Deneb - The Judge (Psalm 9:8)
* Regulus - Treading underfoot (Genesis 3:15)
 
The 12 signs of the mazzaroth (Zodiac) with their meanings, and the true message they convey:
 
Virgo:  The Seed of the Woman.  Speaks of the virgin birth of “the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.” (Genesis 3:15; Isaiah 7:14; Matthew Luke 1:26-35; Matthew 1:18-25; Revelation 1:8)
 
Libra:  The required price paid.  Speaks of the Lord Jesus Christ’s blood sacrifice of His own self on the cross as the redemption price for sinful men (Isaiah 53; Ephesians 1:7; I Peter 1:18-21).
 
Scorpio:  The mortal conflict.  Pictures the Lord Jesus Christ and Satan in battle.  Satan bruises the Lord’s heel, but Christ wins by crushing his head (Genesis 3:15; Hebrews 2:14-15; Psalm 22:16; Revelation 12:2-9).
 
Sagittarius:  The final triumph.  Portrays the Lord Jesus Christ as the exalted victor over death, and Satan (I John - 3:8; Ephesians 4:8-10; Revelation 20:10).
 
Capricornus:  Life out of Death.  Portrays the Lord Jesus Christ’s judgement against sin, His death for our sins, and His resurrection from the dead (I John 3:5; Romans 4:25, 5:8, 6:23, 10:9-10; I Peter 3:18).
 
Aquarius:  Blessing out of victory.  Speaks of the Lord Jesus Christ sending the blessed Holy Spirit with all His benefits for His people (John 7:37-39, I Corinthians 12:13).
 
Pisces:  Deliverance out of bondage.  Pictures the saved. Winning others to Christ, and Christ, the King, coming to deliver the redeemed from their bondage (Matthew 4:18-20; Mark 1:15-17; Jude 14, 15, 22, 23; Revelation 3:11, 19:11-16, 22:12-17).
 
Aries:  Glory out of humiliation.  Portrays the humble Lamb of God, Jesus Christ, Slain for the sins of the world, and victorious over Satan (John 1:29; I John 2:1-2, 4:10; Revelation 20:1-3, 10).
 
Taurus:  His glorious coming.  Foretells the Lord Jesus Christ’s second coming in judgement upon a sinful world and upon Satan (Isaiah 34:1-8; Revelation 6:12-17, 12:7-9).
 
Gemini:  The coming Prince and Saviour.  Speaks of the Lord Jesus Christ’s duality as 100% God, and 100% man.  The Lord is Ruler and Judge, and at the same time He is the wounded Seed who serves others (Philippians 2:5-8; Genesis 3:15; Acts 5:31).
 
Cancer:  His possessions held secure.  Assures us that God will protect those He has redeemed, and bring them safely home to Heaven (John 10:11-17, 27-30; Hebrews 12:22-24, 13:20-21; I Peter 2:25, 5:1-4; Jude 1; Romans 8:38-39).
 
Leo:  His enemies destroyed.  Prophetically assures us that the Lord Jesus Christ shall be victorious over sin, the world, Satan, and death (Genesis 49:8-12; I Corinthians 15:20-26, 55-58; Hebrews 2:14-15; II Thessalonians 2:7-10; Revelation 1:13-16, 5:1-10, 14:14-20, 20:10).
 
The corruption of God’s message in the zodiac: 
 
Astronomy was originally the science of interpreting God’s story (His story) in the heavenly bodies (sun, moon, planets, comets stars, and other bodies).  In the beginning God created a perfect universe and earth.  Adam was perfect physically and mentally.  His brain was far more superior to the most advanced supercomputer.  The Bible says:  “God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavenand let them be for signs…” (Genesis 1:14).  The Lord having created all the heavenly bodies also set them in motion and gave them their names for prophetic revelation (Job 38:31-33; Psalm 8:3-4, 19:1-6, 119:89, 147:4; Isaiah 40:26).  Adam was in perfect fellowship with God before his fall into sin, and it stands to reason that it was when they were in full communion that God taught Adam the names and locations of all the heavenly bodies.  After his fall he then taught his sons, and the true science of astronomy was born. The knowledge was passed from Adam to Seth to Enos, and so on to Noah and his sons.  The Jewish historian, Joesphus (37-100 A.D.), say that “Seth, when he was brought up, and came of those years which he could discern what was good, became a virtuous man; and … did leave children behind his who imitated his virtues. … They also were the inventors of the particular sort of wisdom which is concerned with the heavenly bodies, and their order.  And that their inventions might not be lost before they were sufficiently known, upon Adam’s prediction that the world was to be destroyed…, they made [a pillar] … of stone:  They inscribed their discoveries on [it that]…the pillar of stone might remain, and exhibit those discoveries to mankind … Now this remains in the land of Siriad to this day.’ In the time of Josephus the land of Siriad was part of Egypt in which the false religion of Sirius was practiced, and there can be little doubt that Josephus was referring to the Great pyramid, since it reflects astronomical knowledge beyond even that of today.” [13]  “The Great Pyramid of Cheops … [is perhaps] the oldest building on Earth.  In terms of its sheer mass, it may be the largest single building in the world. … [It is] also the most perfect building on the planet.” [14]  It has been said that “no construction company in the world today could erect such a building.” [15]  “The Great pyramid … embodies in its construction such a wonderful knowledge of mathematics, astronomy, and Scriptural information as to clearly show that the architect and builder was especially endowed with Divine wisdom.” [16]  “[M]ost historians and archaeologists believe that it was built during the reign of the Egyptian king Cheops …’ [but] no one really knows just who Cheops was and when he lived.” [17]  But we can be assured that it was one of Adam’s offspring, perhaps Enoch (Genesis 5:24-25; Hebrews 11:5; Jude 14-15), who had been instructed by him concerning God’s message in the sky.  The construction period of the Egyptian pyramids, of which Cheops is the oldest, has been estimated to have been from 2614 - 2502 B.C. [18]  This was more than 150 years before the generally accepted date of the Great Flood in about 2350 B.C. and their construction may be much earlier than that.  There are pyramids and other ancient megalithic structures all over the world that are very similar mathematically and astronomically to Cheops, but never do they match it in complexity.  “The evidence of archaeology, folklore, and tradition - together with the astronomical alignments and dating - has established the Eastern origin of the builders of Stonehenge.  The evidence has shown that the two astronomical ideas of the British megalithic builders had been formulated in ancient Egypt … [T]he Stonehenge Circle is a constructional expression of the geometrical relations holding between the ancient Egyptian square and the linear systems of measure … [T]he outer ring of stones is the exact area of an important Egyptian unit of measure.” [19]  “All over Eurasia and America, astronomers and perhistorians have identified stone constructions as observatories and megalithic calendars.  If this is true, it is almost certain that astronomy [or astrology] was used within the frame of religious and ceremonial interest.” [20]  The fact is that all false religions originated with the satanic perversion of God’s astronomical message in the heavens.  The true study of the stars was corrupted into false and occult astrology.  This corruption seems to have begun even before the Flood because the Egyptian pyramids as well as Stonehenge ware completed before 2500 B.C., which was about 150 years before the Flood.  All these ancient structures, both pre-flood and post-flood including the Tower of Babel, with the one exception of the Great Pyramid, are corruptions of God’s message in the stars. The Great Pyramid is extremely impressive in the technical aspects of its construction, in its shear size, in that it is not permeated with idolatry, as the other pyramids are, but the single most impressive fact about the Great Pyramid is that in the upper chamber, the King’s Chamber, there is the single piece of furniture in all the Pyramid: a broken, lidless, and empty stone coffin.  Its message is clear:  the pre-flood saved sons of Adam had prior knowledge of the resurrection of “the seed of the women,” who was “Toliman” (Isaiah 44:6: “…I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God", cf. Revelation 1:8, 22:13).  Belief in the death, burial, and resurrection of God incarnate on an individual and personal basis for salvation from sin and hell is the only saving faith there has ever been.  The demonic corruption of the fact of the resurrection of Christ into reincarnation and other false hopes of an afterlife by way of astrology is the foundation of all false religion!!!  The Word of God says:  “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shall believe in thine heart that God hath raised Him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.  For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.” (Romans 10:9-10).  From the prehistoric demonic religion of astrology have come all the false religions of reincarnation:  Hinduism (2500 B.C.), Zoroastrianism (1500 B.C.), Taoism (500 B.C.), the New Age Movement and others.
 
The Word of God condemns astrology:  “The first Bible reference to astrology is … the story of the building of the tower of Babel (Genesis 11:1-9).  Archaeologists have now discovered that this structure and similar towers were … erected to survey the heavens.  Some [of these towers] have been unearthed to give evidence of zodiac signs actually inscribed on the circumference at the top.  The Bible says the purpose of the tower of Babel was to ‘reach unto heaven.’  This [is a] Biblical metaphor … There is little doubt [that] its … purpose was to survey the stars for astrological purposes.” [21]  Because the builders of the tower of Babel sought spiritual and prophetic knowledge through unauthorized demonic means, God confounded their language, “and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.” (Genesis 11:9)  Astrology is merely a form of fortune telling.  The Word of God commands:  “There shall not be found among you any one … that uses divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch, or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer.  For all that do these things are an abomination unto the LORD..” (Deuteronomy 18:10-12)  “Thus saith the LORD, Learn not the way of the heathen, and be not dismayed at the signs of the heaven, for the heathen are dismayed at them.  For the customs of the people are vain … Thus shall ye say unto them, The gods that have not made the heavens and the earth, even they shall perish from the earth, and from under these heavens.”  (Jeremiah 10:2, 3, 11; cf. I Corinthians 8:5-6)  Even if an astrologer, like Nostradamus (1503-1566), gives seemingly accurate prophecies we are not to believe them, because astrology is forbidden by God.  Astrology can not help or save anyone.  God mockingly says to those who use it:  “Let now the astrologers, the the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things that shall come upon thee.  Behold, they shall be as stubble; the fire shall burn them; they shall not deliver themselves from the power of the flame…” (Isaiah 47:14)  Accurate predictions are made about 6% of the time using astrology.  “Many people say that astrology is humbug.  But even humbug can have suggestive power.   This suggestive power influences the behavior and decisions of superstitious people to their disadvantage … [It] has been responsible for a number of suicides and murders.” [22]  At the time of the building of the tower of Babel, and afterwards astrology was not merely hit and miss fortune telling; in ancient times it included demon worship.  When good king Josiah of Judah came to the throne “he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD,” and when he “found the Book of the Law in the House of the LORD” and “heard the words of the Book” he knew that his kingdom was sinning greatly by worshiping “other gods” (II Kings 22:1, 2, 8, 11, 17).  King Josiah thus decided to destroy idolatry and demon worship form Judah.  “And he put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn…incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to the host of heaven.”  (II Kings 23:5)  King Josiah put an end to the worship of the false gods (devils) called:  Baal, Molech, Ashtoreth, Chemosh, Milcom, and others (II Kings 23:4-13).  “Moreover, the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words of the Law…And like unto him was there no king…that turned to the Lord With all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might…”  (II Kings 23:24-25)  Thus Josiah, because he turned to Christ and the Word of God, was able to see the evil of astrology and put it, and the worship of other false gods down.  Should you do any less?  Josiah knew from “the Book of the Law”  that he was to look to Christ, and not to “the host of heaven,” the sun, moon, and stars for guidance (Deuteronomy 4:14-19, 13:1-5, 17:2-7, 18:9-15).  God forbids it!!!
 
Reincarnation in Ancient History: 
 
The false doctrine of reincarnation is found from ancient Greece to ancient China, from ancient Egypt to ancient Mexico, from ancient astrology to ancient Zoroastrianism.  It is closely connected with the astrological observation of the sun, moon and stars.
 
Nimrod and reincarnation:  Nimrod was the great great grandson of Noah.  “Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. … And the sons of Ham:  Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan. … And Cush begat Nimrod.” (Genesis 6:10, 10:6, 8)  The Scriptural record shows that there was a serious moral flaw in Ham that also surfaced in his son Canaan (Genesis 9:20-25).  We believe Ham was a saved man because he voluntarily entered the Ark (a picture of salvation in Christ), but the wicked influence of the pre-flood world, his sinful Adamic nature, and surely demonic influences also seem to have caused a rebellious attitude in Ham.  “The tragic story of Noah’s drunkenness and the sudden unveiling of Ham’s rebellious heart provides graphic evidence that, despite the cleansing judgement of the Flood, man was still a sinner and Satan was still ‘the spirit that … worketh in the sons of disobedience’ (Ephesians 2:2). … Ham’s actions here … expressed a long hidden resentment of his father’s authority and moral rectitude … Fundamentally, [Ham’s] act revealed a attitude of resentment against God Himself, a character trait which was bound to crop out explosively some day, if not in Ham, then in his children.” [23]  It appears that one of Ham’s four sons, Canaan, was deeply involved in the sinful incident also.  Canaan’s name is mentioned four times in connection with the incident and he was the recipient of Noah’s prophetic curse.  The Bible does not strictly state it, but Canaan may have been the one that “uncovered [Noah] in his tent.  And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father…”  (Genesis 9:21-22).  Noah may have become “uncovered” by accident, but judging from the total immorality of the descendants of Canaan, he was the one that “uncovered” Noah (Genesis 9:21-22; Leviticus 18).  Ham seems to have been happy that his father’s shame was uncovered, and ran to gossip the news to his brothers.  Shem and Japheth on the other hand, rather than staring at Noah as Ham did, respectfully “covered the nakedness of their father;  and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father’s nakedness“ (Genesis 9:23).  The reaction of at least some of Ham’s family to God’s prophetic curse by the mouth of Noah (Genesis 9:24-27) was resentment, jealousy, and more rebellion. 
 
“Cush had a preeminent share in leading mankind away from the true worship of God. … Cush, as the son of Ham, was Hermes or Mercury … Hermes is just an Egyptian synonym for the ‘son of Ham.’  Now, Hermes was the great original prophet of idolatry; for he was recognized by the pagans as the author of their religious rites, and the interpreter of the gods. … [He is also identified] with the Babylonian Nebo, as the prophetic god … [M]en lived under the government of [Jehovah] without cities and without laws, and all speaking one language. But after that [Cush] interpreted the speeches of men … Then discord began … He, it would seem, had been the ringleader in the scheme for building the … tower of Babel … Now look at the name of…Bel given to the father of Ninus, or Nimrod, in connection with this … Bel signified ‘The Confounder’ [of Truth.  Now look at the name Belus] … Belus, the father of Ninus, was he that built or founded Babylon [Jeremiah 10:2, 11, 14-15, 51:1, 17-18] … We have the express testimony of the ancient historian, Megasthenes, as preserved in Abydenus [Cory’s Fragments, London, 1732, pg. 45, 46], that it was ‘Belus’ who ‘surrounded Babylon with a wall.’ As ‘Bel,’ the Confounder, who began the city and tower of Babel, had to leave both unfinished; this could not refer to him.  It could refer only to his son, Ninus, who inherited his father’s title, and was the first actual king of the Babylonian empire, and consequently Nimrod.  The real reason that Semiramis, the wife of [Nimrod], gained the glory of finishing the fortifications of Babylon, was that she came in the esteem of the ancient idolaters to hold a preponderating position, and to have attributed to her all the different characters that belong, or were supposed to belong, to her husband.” [24
 
And Cush begat Nimrod:  he began to be a mighty one in the earth.  He was a mighty hunter before the LORD:  herefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD.  And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.” (Genesis 10:8-10)  The Word of God here says that “[Nimrod] was a mighty hunter before the LORD.”  The name “Nimrod itself meansrebel.”  The ancient Jerusalem Targum says:  “He was powerful in hunting and wickedness before the Lord, for he was a hunter of the sons of men, and he said to them, ‘Depart from the judgement of the Lord, and adhere to the judgement of Nimrod!’ Therefore it is said:  ‘As Nimrod the strong one, strong in hunting, and wickedness before the Lord.” [25]  He was a rebel “before the Lord,”  or “in the face of the Lord,” or “against the Lord.”  Nimrod was an ancient “antichrist.”  “He was the first [after the Flood] who carried on war against his neighbors, and he conquered all nations from Assyria to Lybia, as they were yet unacquainted with the arts of war … [He was] the most ancient of the Assyrian kings mentioned in history, [and he] preformed great actions … [He] was said to be the first that invented magic arts, and that most diligently studied the motions of the heavenly bodies.” [26]
 
When Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth landed the Ark and disembarked, God gave them this command:  “Whoso sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed:  for in the image of God made He man.” (Genesis 9:6)  By deciphering ancient Egyptian records we discover that Shem, who was also called Sem, Seth, Typho, and Hercules, executed Nimrod, who was also called Osiris, and cut him in pieces.  “The Egyptians say, that the grand enemy [Shem or Typho] of their god [Osiris or Nimrod] overcame his [Osiris or Nimrod], not by open violence, but that having entered into a conspiracy with seventy-two of the leading men of Egypt, [Shem] got [Nimrod] into his power, put him to death, and cut his body into pieces, and sent the different parts to so many different cities throughout the country.” [27]  Now here is where reincarnation comes in:  Nimrod’s wife, Semiramis, having knowledge of God’s prophecy of the coming “seed of the woman,” pretends to bring forth that seed (Genesis 3:15).  She claimed that Nimrod was miraculously reincarnated as her son, Tammuz. “If there was one who was more deeply concerned in the tragic death of Nimrod than another, it was his wife, Semiramis. … Though the death of her husband had given a rude shock to her power, yet her resolution and unbounded ambition were in nowise checked.  On the contrary, her ambition took a still higher flight.  In … death she will have him worshipped as … the woman’s promised seed, ‘Zeroashta,’ who was destined to bruise the serpent’s head [Genesis 3:15] …. According to the Chaldean doctrine of the transmigration of the soul, all that was needful was just to teach that Ninus [Nimrod] had reappeared [as Tammuz] … borne by his widowed wife after the father had [died] .… [W]e have every reason to believe that this was actually done .… In Egypt the fair Horus, the son of the black Osiris, … was the favorite object of worship, in the arms of the goddess Isis … [He] was said to have been miraculously born in consequence of a connection, on the part of that goddess, with Osiris after his death, and in point of fact, to have been a new incarnation of that god, to avenge his death on his murderers. … Horus, the infant god, was regarded as Bel, born again … When Bel, however, was born again as a child, he was … [also] represented as an incarnation of the sun .… In Pergamos, especially, where pre-eminently ‘Satan’s seat was’ [Revelation  2:12-13],  the sun divinity … was worshiped under the form of a serpent and under the name Aesculapius, ‘the man-instructing serpent.’  According to the fundamental doctrine of the Mysteries, as brought from [Babylon to] Pergamos to Rome, the sun was the one only god.  Teitan [the Roman Aesculapius] or Satan, then was thus recognized as the one only god; and of that only god, Tammuz or Janus in his character as … the woman’s seed, was just an incarnation. [28]  So there it is in a nutshell:  Satan knowing and using the sinful nature of man began to counterfeit a substitute for the Biblical doctrine of resurrection.  He helped Ham and Canaan along in their rebellion against Noah and God.  The end result was moral perversion that cropped up in violence, immorality, and apostasy against God Almighty.  Satan through Semiramis got the false doctrine of reincarnation off and running.  Tammuz was said to be the reincarnation of Nimrod, and Nimrod was said to be the incarnation of Bel or Belus, who was actually Satan.  Nimrod has many names in ancient history and mythology:  1)  Ninus in Assyria, 2)  Osiris in Egypt, 3)  Zeroashta or Zoroaster in Persia, 4) Vishnu in India,  5)  Kronos and Zeus in Greece, 6) Jupiter in Rome.  All the stories are all too similar not to have the same source, and that source is Nimrod at the astrological observatory of the tower of Babel. 
 
Semiramis and reincarnation:  The wife of Nimrod, Queen Semiramis of Babel, is the “queen of heaven” that God speaks so strongly against (Jeremiah 7:17-20, 44:25-27; cf. Revelation 17:1-6, 18:1-8). As “queen of heaven” she was and is worshiped with sacrificial cakes or “wafers,” incense, and drink offerings (Jeremiah 7:18, 44:15-19).  She was the mother of the historical and Biblical Tammuz (Ezekiel 8:14), who she claimed was the reincarnation of Nimrod.  Semiramis and Tammuz were worshiped under many names:  “In Egypt under the names of Isis and [Horus].  In India, even to this day, as Isi and Iswara; in Asia [Minor], as Cybele and Deoius; in Pagan Rome, as Fortuna and … Jupiter, the boy; in Greece, as Ceres, the Great Mother, with the babe at her breast, or as Irene, the goddess of Peace, with the boy Plutus in her arms; and…in Thibet, in China, and Japan … the counterpart of the [Catholic] Madonna and her child [were] devoutly worshiped as in Papal Rome itself; Shing Moo, the Holy Mother in China, being represented with a child in her arms, and a glory around her …. The original … mother, so widely worshiped, … was Semiramis … [who] was worshiped by the Babylonians, and other eastern nations … under the name Rhea, the great Goddess ‘Mother.’  It was from the son, however, that she derived all her glory and claims to deification .… In Scripture he is referred to … under the name Tammuz [‘tam’ means ‘perfecting,’ and ‘muz’ means ‘fire’], but he is commonly known among classical writers under the name Bacchus [meaning ‘to weep’ or ‘lament’] ...” [29]  Semiramis supposedly brought forth the sun god (the perfecting fire) as her son, Tammuz, and as we have already seen he also, like his father, was executed when he “preached to [Shem] that he should worship the seven stars [Pleiades] and the twelve signs of the Zodiac … [Myth has it that on] the night of his death all the images [probably the demons that they represent] assembled from the ends of the earth into the temple of Babylon, to the great image of the Sun [probably to conjure up this false doctrine] … The images wept and lamented all the night long, and then in the morning they flew away, each to his own temple again, to the ends of the earth.  And hence arose the custom every year, on the first day of the month Thammuz [the fourth month of the Jewish calendar which in corresponds to the June and July time frame], to mourn and to weep for Tammuz.” [30]  The month Thammuz is the fourth month of the Jewish calendar which begins in late June or early July.  God says that “women weeping for Tammuz” is a great abomination (Ezekiel 8:13-14).  Notice what the Lord Jesus Christ said to the women of Jerusalem as he walked to Calvary:  “Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for Me, but for yourselves, and for your children” (Luke 23:28).  We need to see our own sinfulness, not have some kind of emotional experience! 
 
Enough about Tammuz, now back to his mother. “Semiramis, under the name Astarte, was worshiped … as an incarnation of [the Mother of the gods, as well as] … the mother of mankind. … [As] the Mother of the gods … no one [could] be born a child of God [without her]. … Though the deified queen, Astarte represented, had no actual existence till some centuries after the Flood, yet through the doctrine of metempsycosis, which was firmly established in Babylon, it was easy for her worshipers to be made to believe that, in a previous incarnation, she had lived in the Antediluvian world, and passed safely through the waters of the Flood … [Semiramis as Astarte was also] identified with the heavenly virgin Themis, the name signifying ‘the perfect one,’ who gave oracles … and who, having been on earth before the Flood, forsook it just before that catastrophe .… [Astarte is supposedly sometimes] incarnate and sometimes not.  When incarnate, Astarte is the daughter of Themis. … [Semiramis] was held to be an incarnation of … the great Mother of all [both gods and men].” [31] Thus were the seeds of the satanic doctrine of soul transmigration planted by Queen Semiramis; and from Babel the false teaching spread forth into the entire world along with many other wicked teachings and abominations. 
 
In order to understand ancient history and mythology one must recognize that the early postdiluvian people had full knowledge of the antediluvian world and the teachings that God gave Adam, Enos, Noah, and others.  Nimrod and Sermiramis twisted and perverted these teachings to fit their own purposes. “The post-diluvian divinities were connected with the ante-diluvian patriarchs [i.e. Seth, Enos, Enoch, etc.], and the first progenitors of the human race [i.e. Adam, Eve, Noah], by means of the metempsychosis; and the names given to them were skillfully selected, so as to be capable of divers meanings…” [32]  For example:  Semiramis was identified with Eve, and was variously called:  1) “Ishtar,” the Babylonian goddess of fertility; 2) “Rhea,” the great Babylonian mother goddess; 3) “Aphrodite,” the Chaldean wrath subduing goddess; 4) “Isis,” the Egyptian goddess of motherhood; 5) “Ashtroeth,” the Phoenician goddess of love; 6) “Cybele,” the Phryian goddess of knowledge; 7) “Diana,” the Ephesian mother and tower goddess; 8) “Artemis,” the Greek goddess of virginity and hunting, and protector of the newly-born; 9) “Athena,” the Greek goddess of war; 10) “Venus,” the Roman goddess of beauty, love, and sexuality; 11) “Shing  Moo,” the Chinese holy Mother goddess; 12) “Isi,” the Indian mother goddess; 13)  “Juno,” the Roman Queen of heaven; 14)  “Madonna,” the goddess of Roman Catholicism (The name is a corruption of the Latin:  “Mea Domina” which means “My Lady.” In ancient Rome Juno, Rhea, and Cybele were Domina, The Lady.  Modonna is Semiramis, not the virgin Mary.  So we can see the doctrine of reincarnation hidden in Roman Catholicism!).
 
Reincarnation in ancient Persia:  Zoroaster was an ancient false prophet (around 1500 B.C.) who lived in Persia.  His name in the Chaldean language means “seed of the woman” (“Zero” means “seed” and “ashta” means “woman”).  He was the counterfeit of God’s promised seed (Genesis 3:15).  “Zoroaster taught that human souls are eternal and infinite. The spirits of the higher sphere descend to birth as humans. If a person is distinguished in knowledge and sanctity on earth, he returns above and becomes an empyrean sovereign.  Attaining perfection, a person beholds the beatific vision of the Light of lights.  If people lead a life of vice and depravity, however, they are separated from the primitive source of life and become evil spirits.  The imperfectly good migrate from one body to another until, by enough good works and deeds, they are set free from matter and become higher ranking spirits.” [33]  “It is worthy of notice, that the modern system of Parseeism, which dates from the reform of the old fire-worship in the time of Darius Hystaspes [522-486 B.C.], having rejected the worship of the goddess-mother, cast out also from the name of their Zoroaster the name of the ‘woman’; and therefore in the Zend, the sacred language of the Parsees, the name of their great reformer is Zarathustra …, ‘The Delivering Seed,’…” [34] The Prophet Daniel surely influenced the reform of Zoroastrianism.  Babylon fell to the Persians in October of 539 B.C. and the Prophet Daniel himself lived on to about to 530 B.C.   So Daniel had about 9 years to interact with the Medes and Persians.  He was a high ranking official in the new Persian government (Daniel 6:1-2), and he also had contact with the Zoroastrian Magi who “acted as royal chaplains, and traveled with all important delegations, whether on military or diplomatic missions.” [35]  Daniel probably won some of these political and religious leaders to the Lord and taught them the Bible, and also taught the Magi astronomy more perfectly.  And these in turn advised Darius Hystaspe when he came to the throne 8 years later (522 B.C.).  Of course a religious system that is corrupt to start with can never be truly reformed (Job 14:4), but individuals within a corrupt religious system can be saved if they trust Christ (Titus 3:5-6).  It is interesting to note that 500 years later Magi from the east came to worship the baby Jesus (Matthew 2:1-12).
 
Reincarnation in India:  India was invaded by a Japhetic people who called themselves “Aryans” (the noble ones) shortly after the Great Flood.  “They traveled eastward in two main waves. The first, in approximately 2000 B.C., passed through northern Persia leaving … a few settlers there, the main body carrying on into north-west India where they gradually overthrew the Indus Valley civilization.  The second wave … Settled in Persia about 1500 B.C.” [36]  “Hinduism is as old as, or older than the Vedas [1400 B.C.; the word means knowledge and applies to the ancient literature of the Hindus] … but as an organized historical system [Hinduism] combi[es] Aryian Vedic with indigenous Dravidian elements … (The Dravidians were the original dark-skinned aborigines who inhabited India).” [37]  The psychology of the racist social order in Hinduism promotes reincarnation. The Hindu book called “Markandeya Purana” records “the poem of creation” which is the basis of the infamous caste system.  In this “poem of creation,” it says,  “From the mouth of Brahma, meditating on truth and entering upon the function of creation, were created a thousand pairs [Brahmins].  They, thus born, were all … joined to right understanding.  Another thousand pairs he created from his arms [Rajanya].  They all…were full of strength and invincible.  Another thousand pairs he created again from his thighs [vaishya].  They were … full of energy and enterprise.  From his two feet he created another thousand pairs [shudras]. They were all … without beauty, and of little understanding … [Brahma] himself established honor and precedence among them according to their respective rights and qualifications.” [38]   “[T]he divisions of the World Soul are seen in the basis of human social order. The mouth is the priestly order (the Brahmins), the arms are the rulers (Rajanya), the thighs are the land owners, merchants and bankers (vaishya), and the feet are the workers, artisans and serfs (shudras). … From the four class groupings of the poem of creation, the idea grew that some hierarchic structure in society is a part of the divine intention for the natural order…the first three classes [varnas - colours] are cut of f from the forth by being ‘twice born’ .… It is likely that the shudras were first displaced by the invading Aryans and regarded as belonging to an inferior colour (varna), being dark skinned instead of light skinned as they were.  The idea of the cycle of rebirth later indicated that the shudras could have hope for salvation only in a future life, as they were not yet among [the twice-born].”  [39
 
Noah, in the Babylonian Mysteries, was called “twice born,” because he lived in two worlds, the world prior to the Flood, and the world after the Flood.  “Even the Babylonian] doctrine of baptismal regeneration [is] connected with … the passing of Noah through the waters of the Flood. ... [Hindus] worship the ... waters of the Ganges [River], and ... count it the grand passport to heaven ... [In the Mystery Religions Noah] was called ‘Diphues,’ or ‘twice-born,’ and was represented as a god with two [faces] looking in opposite directions, the one old, and the other younger [Janus, the Roman god of beginnings, also called the all-seeing Janus, similarly has two faces] ... In Indian, the god Vishnu, ‘the Preserver,’ who is celebrated as having miraculously preserved one family at the time when the world was drowned, not only has the story of Nah wrought up with his legend, but is called by his very name.  Vishnu is just the Sanscrit form of the Chaldee ‘Ish-nuh,’ ‘the man Noah,’ or the ‘Man of rest.’ … Now, the very legend of Vishnu, that pretends to make him no mere creature, but [a] supreme and ‘eternal god,’ shows that this interpretation of the name is no mere unfounded imagination.  Thus is he celebrated in [Hindu scripture]:  ‘The sun, wind … [and] all things incorporeal, were absorbed into the divine essence; and the universe became consumed, the eternal and omnipotent god, having assumed an ancient form, reposed mysteriously upon the surface of  the (universal) ocean.  But no one is capable of knowing whether that being was then visible or invisible … or what caused his mysterious slumber.’ [from the Hindu Matsya Purana] … In conformity with the ancient legend, Vishnu is still represented as sleeping four months every year.  Now, connect this story with the name of Noah [his very name means ‘rest’] … and is personal history during the period of the Flood … Now, wherever Noah is celebrated, whether by the name of Saturn, ‘the hidden one’ … or Janus, … he is generally described in such a way as to show that he was looked upon as Diphues, ‘twice-born,’ or ‘regenerate.’ The ‘twice-born’ Brahmins, who are all so many gods upon the earth, by the very title they take to themselves, show that the god that they represent, and to whose prerogatives they lay claim, had been known as the ‘twice-born’ god … [T]hrough virtue of the metempsychosis [they say Adam] passed through the waters of the Deluge … Adam [was] the first father of mankind, [and] … Noah [was] the second father of the human race; of both whom Nimrod, as at once Kronos, ‘the father of the gods,’ and [the Hindu gods] Souro, ‘the seed,’ [Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu, Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, Krishna, Buddha, etc., etc.] were new incarnations.” [40]
 
Reincarnation in ancient Gaul, and Britain:  The Brahman priests of the Aryians of old India hold an amazing resemblance to the Druids who were the priests of the Celtic people of ancient Europe.  “[Druid] practices continue today in modern witchcraft … The Druids, as do witches of today, believed in reincarnation.  They believed in a purgatorial type of hell where they would be purged of their sins, afterwards passing on to the happiness of the unity with the gods.   The Druids taught that all men would be saved, but that some must return to earth many times to learn the lesson of human life to overcome the inherent evil of their own nature … The Druids worshiped the sun, moon, and stars.  They also worshiped the serpent.  The famous Stonehenge in southwestern England is a Druid alter … [M]ysticism and occultism [was] part of Druid tradition.” [41]
 
Reincarnation in ancient Egypt:  “Modern researchers now suggest that some 1500 years before Christ, the names of Egyptian kings indicated belief in their ability to reincarnate.  It was supposedly proof of their divinity, since reincarnation was beyond the reach of common folk.  Gradually, however, the idea came to be applied to the ordinary folk.  In the Egyptian Book of the Dead, about a dozen chapters give the appropriate spells to be cited in order to reincarnate in various forms.” [42]  “In Egypt the fair Horus, the son of the black Osiris, who was the favorite object of worship, in the arms of the goddess Isis, was said to have been miraculously born in consequence of a connection, on the part of that goddess, with Osiris after his death, and, in point of fact, [the false god Horus was supposed] to have been a new incarnation of [the false god Osiris].” [43]
 
Reincarnation in ancient Greece: “[The Greek philosopher and mathematician] Pythagoras [570- 500 B.C.] is sometimes cited with inventing the theory of reincarnation, [but] it is likely that he merely adapted it from the … Egyptian theories of transmigration that had already been established for nearly 1000 years.” [44]  “[Pythagoras] taught that number was the basis of reality and that mathematics offered insight into the invisible world He was influenced by Orphism and taught reincarnation. … Orphism [was a] religious movement that began in Thrace and flourished in the sixth century before Christ.  It was [a mystery religion] based on myths of Dionysus and Orpheus … It taught liberation through asceticism and held also a doctrine of reincarnation.” [45]  “The god worshipped as a child the the arms of the great Mother [Ceres] in Greece, under the names of Dionysus, or Bacchus … is, by ancient inquirers, expressly identified with the Egyptian Osiris … [Orpheus] introduced from Egypt the greatest part of the mystical ceremonies, [and] the orgies that celebrate the wanderings of Ceres …” [46] of course the whole myth leads back through Egypt to Babel, and Nimrod and Semiramis. 
 
Reincarnation in the Roman Empire:  As we have already seen the doctrine of transmigration is originally from Semiramis and Babylon.  “Physical force has not always been on the side of the Chaldean worship of the Queen of Heaven.  Again and again has power been arrayed against it; but hitherto every obstacle [and] … every difficulty it has overcome.  [First, Shem had Nimrod executed and sent his body parts throughout the land to warn all against apostasy and murder.  The Babel religion had to go underground, and became know as Mystery Babylon.  Then many hundreds of years later] Cyrus, Xerxes, and many of the Medo-Persian kings, banished its priests from Babylon, an labored to root it out of their empire; but then it found a secure retreat in Pergamos, and ‘Satan’s seat’ was erected there [Revelation 2:12-13].  The glory of Pergamos and the cities of Asia Monor departed; but the worship of the Queen of Heaven did not wane.  It took a higher flight, and seated itself on the throne of Imperial Rome.  That throne was subverted.  The Arian Goths came burning with fury against the worshippers of the Virgin Queen; but still that worship rose buoyant above all attempts to put it down, and the Arian Goths themselves were soon prostrate at the feet of the Babylonian goddess, seated in glory on the seven hills of Rome.” [47]  “The true legitimate Babylonian Pontiff … after the death of Belshazzar [539 B.C.], and the expulsion of the Chaldean priesthood from Babylon by the Medo-Persian kings was at Pergamos, where afterwards was one of the seven churches of Asia [Revelation 2, 3] … There under favor of the deified kings of Pergamos was [Satan’s] favorite abode, there was the worship of Aesculapius, under the form of the serpent, celebrated with frantic orgies and excesses … At first, the Roman Pontiff had no immediate connection  with Pergamos and the hierarchy there; yet, in course of time, the Pontificate of Rome and the Pontificate of Pergamos came to be identified.  Pergamos itself became part and parcel of the Roman Empire, when Attalus III, the last of its kings, at his death, left by will all his dominion to the Roman people in 133 B.C.  For some time after … there was no one who could … lay claim to all the dignity inherent in the old title of the kings of Pergamos…[until] Julius Caesar, who had previously been elected Pontifex Maximus, became also, as Emperor, the supreme civil ruler of the Romans [46-44 B.C.], then as head of the Roman state, and head of the Roman religion, all the powers and functions of the true legitimate Babylonian Pontiff were supremely vested in him, and he found himself in a position to assert these powers … Then on certain occasions, in the exercise of his high pontifical office, he appeared of course in all the pomp of the Babylonian costume, as Belshazzar [and Attalus] … might have done, in robes of scarlet, with the crosier of Nimrod in his hand, wearing the miter of the Dragon and bearing the keys of Janus and Cybele.  Thus did matters continue … even under so-called Christian emperors [beginning with Constantine (306-337 A.D.)] … until the reign of Gratian [375- 383],  who…was the first that refused to be arrayed in the idolatrous pontifical attire, or to act as Pontifex. ... Gratian abolished the legal provision for the support of fire-worship and serpent-worship of Rome ...” [48]  Approximately 64 years before the Western Roman Empire came to an end in 476 AD, the leader of the Church in Rome, Bishop Leo, assumed the defunct title of Pontifex Maximus in 412 A.D.  Out of the ruins of the Western Roman Empire arose the Papal Empire, and Rome still ruled the world. [49
 
About 81 years prior to Leo becoming the first Roman Bishop to hold the Babylonian office of Pontifex Maximus, in 331 the first “Christian” Emperor, Constantine, who himself was Pontifex Maximus, ordered 50 copies of the Bible to be copied for use in Rome and elsewhere.  Eusebius was the scholar and scribe who did this work for Constantine.  Now Eusebius was a great admirer of Origen and a student of his philosophy.  He was from Caesarea and had already, with the assistance of “Pamphilius or vice versa, issued [a Bible], with all its critical remarks [from] the fifth column of Origen’s Hexapla [a six column multi language corruption of the Bible] … for use in Palestine … When we come to Origen [184-254 A.D.], we speak the name of him who did the most of all to create and give direction to the forces of apostasy down through the centuries. …  Eusebius worshiped at the alter of Origen’s teachings. … Origen’s corrupted manuscripts of the Scriptures were well arranged and balanced with subtlety … [Origen said], ‘The Scriptures are of little use to those who understand them as they are written [i.e. literally].’  In order to estimate Origen rightly, we must remember that as a pupil of Clement, he learned the teachings of the Gnostic heresy and like his master, lightly esteemed the historical basis of the Bible … His predilection for Plato (the pagan philosopher) led him into many grand errors. He … studied under the heathen Ammonius Saccas, the founder of Neo-Platonism.  [Origen] taught that the soul existed from eternity before it inhabited the body, and after death, it migrated to a higher or a lower level form of life according to the deeds done in the body [i.e. karma]; and finally all would return to a state of pure intelligence, only to begin again the same cycles as before.  He believed that the devils would be saved, and that the stars and planets had souls, and were, like men, on trial to learn perfection. … [and he is said to be] the first teacher of purgatory.” [50]  If these heresies were not enough Origin also “… taught soul sleep, baptismal regeneration, universal salvation, no return of Jesus Christ to the earth, and [he] freely amended the New Testament text wherever he felt it was in error. … [He] did not believe the Genesis account of Adam and Eve was true history, … he denied a physical resurrection. … Aside from these things, and believing in the reincarnation of the soul and transmigration after death, Origin was what you might call a real ’Christian!’” [51]
 
“Origenism flooded the Catholic Church through Jerome, the father of Latin Christianity.  [Jerome, the most distinguished theologian of Catholicism prior to 1850, said], ‘I love … the name of Origen … I will not listen to the notion that so great a soul was lost.’”  [52]  Even though the Roman Catholic Church does not teach the doctrine of transmigration and reincarnation, nonetheless it is hidden in among the other false Babylonian doctrines such as salvation by works and purgatory which are related to it.  The Catholic Church has no problem with religions that do believe in reincarnation. 
 
Based on the historical evidence we have, Origen, Constantine, Eusebius, Leo, Jerome and all the Roman pontiffs connected to the false doctrine of Babylonian reincarnationism of Nimrod, Semiramis, Belshazzar and Attalus.  Today the Roman Church seeks unity with all religions, and says:  “To be saved we must be united with Christ, but most of mankind does not realize their union with him.  Other leaders, prophets, ‘gurus,’ have been God’s instruments to bring them truth and grace.  Christ is humanity’s unique, divine savior and teacher, but others too show forth aspects of God.  The [Roman Catholic] Church … is the way of salvation not for all humanity, but for those chosen to work … for the salvation of all. … Its members are to proclaim … that the world has been saved and is filled with God’s love.” (Emphasis mine) [53]  God’s Word, on the other hand, teaches that Christ Jesus is the only way of salvation (John 14:6; Acts 4:12; I Timothy 2:5-6), and that one must receive the Lord Jesus Christ personally through repentance and faith in order to be saved (John 1:12; James 1:21; II Thessalonians 2:10-12; Romans 10:9-10).  The Bible also teaches that if one does this, he should know for sure that he is saved (I John 5:13).  Salvation is through the death, burial, and resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ; and not through by any church or religious system (Acts 4:12; I Corinthians 15:1-4).  Salvation is by God’s grace alone and come only trough faith in Jesus Christ, “who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification” (Romans 4:25, cf. 3:23-26; Ephesians 2:8-9; Titus 3:5). 
 
However, Roman Catholic doctrine, unlike the Word of God, changes as it is expedient for them to do so.  They formerly taught that salvation came only through their system of religion.  But today through subtlety Romanism is trying to unite all religions, and there is no problem if they believe in reincarnation.  “[Pope John Paul II] was able, in 1986, to gather the leading figures of 12 world religions together in Assissi, Italy, to pray to whatever ‘God’ each believed in, beseeching the deities to bring peace to the world.  To justify honoring the prayers of [reincarnationists, and] even witch doctors and fire worshipers, John Paul II told participants that ‘the challenge of peace … transcends religious differences.” [54]  Today Pope Benedict XVI is singing the same ecumenical tune. 
 
The Word of God, on the other hand, teaches that there will be an end time peace movement that will be one of the signs preceding the return of Jesus Christ to judge the world (I Thessalonians 5:3-4; Jeremiah 6:13-15, 8:8-12; Ezekiel 13:6-10; John 16:33). 
 
The Roman Church has not yet taught the Babylonian doctrine of soul transmigration and reincarnation, but as its sister, the New Age Movement, already does I predict that it one day will.  Today the religious Roman Empire has many more subjects than the ancient political Roman Empire. Catholicism dominates Italy, Spain, Mexico, Brazil, the Philippines, and other nations of the world.  It has over a billion adherents.  It is “Mystery Babylon,” moved to Rome, and Babylon is the mother of the doctrine of the satanic doctrine of reincarnation.  This is a most ancient religious system. 
 
THE DOCTRINES OF REINCARNATION:
 
Initially reincarnation was strictly for the gods.  The Babylonian doctrine started by Queen Semiramis of Babel had to do with herself and her husband, Nimrod, having been reincarnated gods.  The Egyptian doctrine was taken from the Babylonian.  The Egyptian kings could supposedly reincarnate in different forms by reciting one of the various spells from the Egyptian Book of the Dead.  This is similar to the Hindu gods known as “avatars” (meaning: one who descends).  In Hinduism Buddha was the ninth incarnation of the god Vishnu.  Two men both named “Sai Baba” and both from India (one died in 1918, and the other was born in 1926) are believed by many to be avatars of the god Shiva.  There is a New Age Movement teaching that Jesus, along with Buddha, Muhammad and others were avatars of the Christ spirit.  After the initial Babylonian, Egyptian, and Hindu teachings of incarnations and reincarnations there evolved the various doctrines of transmigration for the common people. 
 
Almost universal in these various teachings is the doctrine of karma (cause and effect of good and bad deeds done while incarnate).  Transmigration goes everywhere from the seemingly logical, with its karma, to the absurd as with the Aztec Indians of ancient Mexico.  “Aztec warriors who were sacrificed or died in battle were believed to join the sun in the sky for four years [and after that] they were reincarnated as humming-birds.”  [55]
 
Here we will now examine the present day teachings of reincarnation as found in the various religious cults.
 
The Hindu Doctrine of Reincarnation:
 
In Hinduism Brahman is the impersonal creator god.  “[Brahman is] the cause and the basis of all existence. In it are to be found: pure being, pure intelligence, [and] pure delight.  Brahman is the unknowable one.” [56]  “Brahman … is a term difficult if not impossible to define completely … ‘Brahman is he whom speech cannot express, and from whom the mind, unable to reach him, comes away baffled’ [from the Taittiriya Upanishads]. [57] Brahman is also called the “Universal Soul,” and “Absolute Reality.”  “[Moksha] is the Hindu term used for the liberation of the soul from the wheel of karma.  For the Hindu, the chief aim of his existence is to be freed from … the wheel of karma with its endless cycle of births, deaths and rebirths … [Atman] refers to the soul or true self, that part of each living thing that is eternal .… Oftentimes, it is used synonymously with Brahman, the universal soul, seeking mystical union with moksha.” [58]  “Each soul is an immortal part of the Universal Soul from which it came.  Re-emergence into the Impersonal Absolute is the goal of each living creature.  One must therefore choose the system of god-realization that will most expediently avoid the cycles of rebirth (reincarnation), and permit him to achieve oneness with god.” [59]   “Moksha can be achieved through three paths:  1) knowledge, or jnana;  2) devotion, or bhakti;  or 3) ritual works, or karma. … The word karma … has reference to a person’s actions and the consequences thereof … [O]ne’s present state of existence is determined by his performance in previous lifetimes. The law of karma is … the effect of any action upon the performer in a past, present or even a future existence.  As one performs righteous acts, he moves toward liberation from the cycle of successive births and deaths.  Contrariwise, if one’s deeds are evil, he will move further from liberation. … The goal … is to achieve enough good karma to remove himself from the cycle of rebirths and achieve [moksha] .... Samsara refers to transmigration [and] rebirth.  It is the passing through a succession of lives based on the reward or penalty of one’s karma …. During each successive rebirth, the soul … moves from one body to another and carries with it the karma from its previous existence.  The rebirth may be to … a higher caste or [to union with Brahman], or down the social ladder to a lower caste or as an animal. … Accordingly, all creatures … are in their current situation because of the action (Karma) of their previous lives.”  [60]
 
The Buddhist Doctrine of Reincarnation:   
 
Buddhism is an offshoot of Hiduism.  It was founded by Siddharta Gautama, the Buddha, who was born in a village called Lumbibi near the modern boarder of India and Nepal.  “[A]ll sorts of legends have grown up around [Buddha’s] birth.  In accordance with the idea of rebirth, these even include details of his previous existences!  The story is told, for instance, that during his last … incarnation, the Buddha looked down from the ‘Tushita heaven,’ the ‘seat of contented gods,’ to find the right time, place and parents for his reincarnation … [F]or his mother he took the virtuous Maya, wife of Shuddhodanna, who had shown her purity and excellence during previous existences in 100,000 ages of the world. … [Gautama’s] teaching does indeed share some central ideas with the traditional [Hindu] religion - above all the doctrine of reincarnation and the law of karma.  Hinduism and Buddhism can fairly be grouped together as the religions of [this] eternal world law.  Where they differ significantly is the idea of an individual soul (atman) which must be united with the source of the world (Barhman).  This Buddha absolutely reject[ed].” [61]  Gautama taught:  “If man does good, the results will be good, and if he does evil, the results will be evil, and all the gods of India cannot change that .… Now, if that is really true … it must follow, as day follows night, that the Vedas, which tell people how to pray and how to sacrifice, are … not Sacred Books at all …. The world was not created by anyone.  The world was always in existence.  The world will always be in existence.  The world will always be in existence.  It never will come to an end, because it stands to reason that anything that has no end also has no beginning.” [62]  Geutama also said:  “‘I have run through the course of many births looking for the maker of this dwelling and find him not; painful is birth again and again.’ … According to Buddha, every part of the universe … is subject to change and decay … Moreover, neither people or the world are units complete in themselves and separate from other units.  They are composed of many individual elements which are in a constant state of flux, always dissolving and combining with one another in new ways. These components do not rearrange themselves at random.  They are regulated by strict laws.  In the case of human beings, the crucial factor is the law of karma, originally a Hindu idea …. [Karma] determines the nature of the individual’s rebirth: good works automatically bring about a good rebirth, bad works a bad one.  So each rebirth is conditioned by the karma of the previous life.  This is the [Hindu and Buddhist] moral order of the world from which no one can escape …. By a proper understanding of [this] human situation - imprisonment in the process of karma - and by obedience to the right conditions, it is possible to transcend the human situation.  This means, not abolishing karma, but liberation from its inner grip and a reorientation of life.  A new process is begun by which so-called ‘good karma’ may be created and its good effects experienced in oneself and others. … Dharma is the way to the goal of nirvana .… The main point [in dharma] is that the physical world and everything in it results from the working together of … separate components [such as earth, water, fire, air; colors, sounds; organic life; consciousness, the senses, will, emotions, reasoning; truth, error; ignorance; sexuality; fame, beauty, riches; hunger, illness; growing, ageing, dying].  So while it seems that the human being is an independent unit, this is only an illusion.  The person is … a flowing stream of dharmas, which continually changes and rearranges itself to form a new individual.” [63]  Buddism totally rejected the sacred books of Hinduism, and it was about 400 years after Buddha’s death “that the first Buddhist scriptures were written down. … [Among other teachings] it contains 547 legends and stories from previous existences of the Buddha.” [64]  Buddhism is basically split into two sects:  1) the strict Theravada [or Hinayana] school (of Burma, Sri Lanka, Laos, Kampuchea, and Thailand); and 2) the liberal Mahayana school (Napal, Tibet, Chian, Mongolia, Korea, Vietnam, and Japan). In Hinayana Buddhism some do “not recognize the Hindu idea of the self (atman) which remains constant through the cycle of rebirths. … [T]he one who dies and the one who [is] reborn on the basis of karma are … two different beings … for there is no ‘immortal soul’ to link the two.  Yet at the same time, the new incarnation is inseparably bound to [the] preceding life by the karma it inherits, and which it will now express … A particular feature of Mahayana [Buddhism] is the doctrine of Bodhisattva … According to this doctrine, [one destined for enlightenment, or Buddhahood] postpones his goal of becoming a Buddha in order to first save as many as possible.  By a solemn vow he promises to help everyone, even in the reincarnations which lie ahead of him. … Early texts mention six forerunners and one Buddha, Maitreya, still to come.” [65] The Antichrist may claim to be an incarnation of Buddha. 

The Jainist Doctrine of Reincarnation:   
 
Jainism, like Buddhism, is another offshoot religion of Hinduism.  The founder of Jainism, Mahavira (599-527 B.C.), was contemporary with Gautama (563-483 B.C.), and both were very discontented with Hinduism.  However, both retained the Hindu doctrines of karma, and transmigration, but with some modifications.  “The Jains do not believe in a supreme creator or God, believing instead that the universe itself is eternal and that the law of karma is the Supreme law of all existence.”  [66]  “Although Mahavira denied that any God or gods existed to be worshipped, he, like other religious leaders, was deified by its later followers.  He was given the designation [of] … the last and greatest of the saviour beings [the 24th Tirthankara].  Mahavira was regarded as having descended from heaven without sin and with all knowledge.” [67]  “Mahavira and other unorthodox teachers of his age were primarily interested in seeking liberation from the wheel of rebirth. … The soul’s essential character is consciousness and knowing.  In its original state, the soul knows everything:  nothing is hidden from it, it commands the knowledge of existence in all its various aspects, and at all times, past, present and future.  In its present state in this world, the soul’s knowledge is made imperfect and incomplete by the limitation matter places on it.  The soul is graded into … levels. … [T]he lowest level … [of] souls … [are] the elements themselves, earth, water, air and fire, and the vast vegetable kingdom … [Then there are levels of worms shell creatures, and bugs.]  At the…highest level are the souls possessing all five senses. …These include four types of creatures: infernal beings, the higher animals, humans, and heavenly beings. The souls’ journey from one level of consciousness to another, and from one grade to another, up and down the scale, depends on the inexorable law of karma … [T]he Jain doctrine of karma is distinctive.  Whereas Hindus view karma purely as a law of nature, Jains believe karma to consist of fine and subtle particles of matter which adhere to the soul, as clay to a pot.  Yet, by effort discipline and knowledge, man can control karma. … To achieve salvation (moksha), man must therefore free is soul from matter [the karma particles].  Thus freed, [the soul’s] natural lightness will float it to the top of the of the universe to dwell there for ever in all knowing bliss.  [68]  “[Mahavira said], ‘The way to nirvana … is through the three jewels of the soul, which are right conviction, right knowledge, and right conduct. … Only by doing good can you reach nirvana.  Within yourselves lies salvation.’” [69]  Jainism is a religion of asceticism and rigid self denial.  They are vegetarians.  Some sweep the path in front of them for fear of stepping on a bug, and strain their water for fear of drinking any living thing. To harm any living thing by accident carries dreadful karmic effects, and to intentionally injure carries the gravest of all consequences.  Moksha and nirvana is not possible for women; she must first be reborn as man.  The layman cannot be saved unless, when he is old, he takes a vow to die by self starvation.  Moksha is obtained by priests who adhere to the “Five Great Vows.”  They include the renunciation of: 1) killing anything, 2) lying, 3) greed, 4) sex, and 5) worldly attachments.
 
The Taoist Doctrine of Reincarnation: 
 
Lao-tse (604-517 B.C.) is the founder of Taoism.  His name means “wise old child,” and legend has it that he was born with white hair and wrinkled skin.  He was born in southern China.  “[He wrote], ‘Before the Heaven and Earth existed, there was something nebulous. … I do not know its name and I address it as Tao [the way].’” [70]   Taoism says, “How can the Creator have a conscious mind?  It spontaneously takes place but seems mysterious.  The breath and matter collect together, coagulate and become shape: constant with transformation it continues on without ever ceasing.” [71]  “The Taoist attitude toward the wheel of births and deaths is that in the beginning we were blended in the one great, featureless mass.  The mass evolved spirit, spirit evolved form, and form evolved life.  Life, in turn, evolved death.  Thus the end becomes the beginning.  Humankind, like nature, has seasons that cycle endlessly.  To blend with the cycle without effort is to become one with the Tao and so find fulfillment.” [72]  The goal of the Taoist is conformity to the Tao.  This is done through “inaction” (vacancy, stillness, placidity, quietness).  By avoiding stress and by communing with nature one’s life may flow with the Tao.
 
The New Age Movement and Reincarnation: 
 
In the western nations today there is a movement of ancient thought which incorporates occultism, spiritism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Taoism into what it hypes will become “a one-world culture.”  “Monism and pantheism are the metaphysical base on which the New Age Movement rests … [They seek] planetary consciousness, … a world government, … awareness of oneness, … [and] unity of all religions … The New Age Cult … heavily emphasizes the … doctrines of reincarnation and karma.” [73]  There are scores of organizations within the New Age movement believing in reincarnation.  A few of these are the Theosophical Society, Unity School of Christianity, the Rosicrucians (4 groups), the Associaation for Research and Enlightenment, the Assembly of Scientific Astrologers, the Ancient Wisdom Connection, the Association for Past Life Research and Therapies, the Brotherhood of Eternal Truth, the Church of Scientology, the Church of the Movement of Spiritual Inner Awareness, Eckanker, Earthmother Therapy Center, Fraternity of Light, Gateways Institute, Holy Grail Foundation, Inner Vision, Impossible Possibilities, International Assembly of Wizards, Neo-Pythagorean Gnostic Church, Starshine Center, Universal Temple of Divine Light, etc., etc.  Now let us briefly examine a few of the new Age groups that believe in reincarnation and karma:
 
The Theosophical Society: 
 
The name of this group comes from a Greek word which means “divine wisdom” (theosophia).  Theosophy was established in 1875 by a mystically inclined and well traveled Russian woman named Helena Blavatsky (Petrivona) (1831-1891).  At the age of 17 Miss Petrivona married the Czarist General Blavatsky, who was much older than her.  After just 3 months of marriage Madam Blavatsky left the General.  “Shortly after [that she] … embarked upon a long career of travel which eventually led her into the field of mystical religion, which she studied from Tibet, Indian, Egypt, [and other places], landing eventually in New York long enough to found, in the year 1875, The Theosophical Society, in connection with Colonel H.S. Olcott and W.Q. Judge, two ardent devotees … [She wrote a book called] The Secret Doctrine which is still regarded as divinely inspired … by most loyal Theosophists … [Theosophy teaches thusly on creation]: From … one [eternal, immutable, all-pervading principal of] existence comes forth periodically the whole universe, manifesting the two aspects of spirit and matter, life and form, positive and negative. … All life being fundamentally one with the life of the Supreme Existence, it contains in germ all the characteristics of its source, and evolution is only the upholding of those divine potentialities … The visible universe is only part of this field of evolution.  Theosophy then, may be recognized … as a pantheistic form of ancient Gnosticism, which attempts to embrace religious, philosophic and scientific truth as it is found in all religiophilosophic sources … [It seeks] a brotherhood of all faiths, or … type of homogenized religion, in which all men will agree …, in one degree or another.  In this respect, it is related to Spiritism, Rosicrucianism, Baha’ism and the Great I Am cults. … Theosophists then are great admirers of the Gnostics, and … they have adopted much of the terminology and vocabulary of ancient Gnosticism, which looks with disdain upon the material properties of both the world and man, depersonalized God, and created various planes of spiritual progress culmination in universal salvation and reconciliation through reincarnation and the wheel concept of progression borrowed … form Buddhism … According to the literature of the Theosophical cult … there is a great fraternity of ‘Mahatmas’ or ‘Masters,’ who are highly evolved examples of  advanced reincarnations whose dwelling place is somewhere in the far reaches of remote Tibet.  These divine beings possessed Madam Blavatsky, and utilized her services to … [Restore] truths of the great religions of the world, which had been perverted by mankind. … [Theosophy teaches that there are] seven planes of progression … through which the souls of men must progress, on their way to … ‘heaven’ or Devachan … [Where the personality or soul is absorbed] into a type of world soul … Theosophists also have their ‘hell,’ which, oddly enough, resembles the Roman Catholic purgatory, with indescribable tortures and degrees of degradation.  The name for this intermediate state of existence where the departed souls suffer for their past sins while awaiting reincarnation … in a new body, is Kamaloka. … In common with Christian Science, Unity, and other pantheistic theologies, Theosophy conceives of God in strictly impersonal terms … In divine essence latent power and potential spirituality, man is an image of God, because he is part of Him … Theosophists assert that man is a god in the making.”  [74]  “For all practical purposes, the New Age [Movement] can be equated with the transplantation o Hindu [and Gnostic] philosophy through the Theosophical Society founded by Helena Blavatsky in the latter part of nineteenth century in the United States.”  [75]
 
Unity School of Christianity: 
 
Unity is very similar to Christian Science, and both of these have their roots in the teachings of Phineas P. Quimby.  Both are pantheistic and Gnostic in doctrine.  Mary Baker Eddy plagiarized Quimby’s ideas and used them to establish Christian Science in 1875.  Myrtle Fillmore, a Methodist school teacher, converted to Christian Science in 1887.  She had an interest in transcendental philosophy from an early age.  “Charles Fillmore dabbled in spiritism and later became interested in Hinduism, from which the Fillmores derived a concept of reincarnation … In 1889, the Fillmores published their first magazine, Modern Thought … The name Unity was adopted in 1891 … [I]n 1893 the Fillmores became intensely interested in the philosophy of Hinduism and Yogaism. … Charles Fillmore … was no stranger to the writings of Spiritualists and Theosophists. … [He] incorporate[ed] many of the concepts of Yogaism, reincarnation, … vegetarianism, ect., into the theology of the emerging Unity School.  Unity differs primarily from Christian Science in that it admits that God is expressed in matter as well as in mind or spirit, whereas Christian Science maintains that matter is illusory and has no real existence. … [76]  “Charles Fillmore believed he was a reincarnation of the Apostle Paul.  Reincarnation is one of Unity’s … most distinctive doctrines.  [The Fillmores] borrowed heavily from the teachings of Swami Vivekanada from India.  But sensing that the idea of soul transmigration back to animal form might not set well with Westerners, they insisted that reincarnation could only occur in human bodies.  Several Bible references are used to justify the teaching, such as the instance where Christ is called the son of David.  To Unity this is an indication that Jesus had been previously incarnated in King David. … [Charles] suggest[ed] that the Word of God is an inferior form of revelation for those ‘who are not themselves in direct communication with God.” [77]  “[Unity teaches that the] difference between Jesus and us is not one of inherent spiritual capacity, but in difference of demonstration of it.  Jesus was potentially perfect, and He expressed that perfection; we are potentially perfect, and we have not yet expressed it. … [Unity falsely teaches that the] Christ in man never changes; it always has been and always will be the perfection that God created … [They say, e]ventually all souls reincarnate on the earth as babies and in due time take up their problems where they left off at death … We believe the dissolution of spirit, soul and body, caused by death, is annulled by rebirth of the same spirit and soul in another body here on earth.  We believe the repeated reincarnations of man are merciful provisions of our loving Father to the end that all may come to obtain immortality through regeneration, as did Jesus.” [78]  Oh, the blasphemy that reincarnationism leads to!
 
The Rosicrucians: 
 
 “[Rosicrucinism] insists its roots extend back to ancient Egypt.  In 1500 B.C.,  Thutmose III is said to have established certain ‘mystery schools’ of the Great White Lodge.  His successor, Amenhotep IV, is claimed to be the ‘most enlightened man of his time’ and [he is] the object of much … reverence. … [A Lutheran pastor named] Johann Valentine Andrea (1586-1654) [wrote a] book describe[ing] the religious discoveries of Christian Rosencreutz [1378-1484] who claimed to have traveled to Egypt and uncovered the mystery of the ‘rose cross.‘ … Wherever their prior historical roots may lie, Rosicrucian Societies flourished in seventeenth and eighteenth century Europe. … [They] claim that their Order first came to the United States in 1694. … Order literature states that [in 1909] Dr. H. Spencer Lewis met with officials of the French Rosicrucian Order … [and that he was] initiated … to spark a revival of the Order in America. … What [their] literature fails to mention is Lewis’s contact with the occult … Order Templi Orientis … and the infamous British spiritualist Aleister Crowley [who had renamed himself, ‘Beast 666.’ Crowley was a homosexual, a murderer, and a practitioner of black sex-magic]. Lewis founded the Ancient and Mystical Order of Rosae Crucis … in 1915.” [79]  This was the beginning on modern Rosicrucinism in the United States.  “Rosicrucians … qualify, along with spiritists [and] Theosophists … as [one] of the most mystically incline [groups] … Rosicrucianism [has] … enormous [amounts] of [teaching on] transmigration ….  There is a great similarity in some areas to … Theosophy and to the concept that man progresses through many reincarnations, each of which purges him of his preceding sins.  In Rosicrucian theology there exists seven worlds with seven sections … presided over on the highest level by a ‘universal spirit. ‘… The cross in Rosicrucianism is the mystical symbol of man’s evolutionary development - past, present, and future … [There is no] personal redemption apart from psychic reincarnation … We are told … that Plato was a believer in rosicrucianism due to his emphasis upon the world soul …The Rosicrucians have a pantheistic world view.  By this they believe that in some way, all reality is a part of or an expression of the essence or nature of God.  God is all .… From its inception, [it] put emphasis upon the occult and the mystical relationship of Christianity to all the great religions of the world .… Jesus Christ, in [their blasphemous] theology … ‘was a spirit belonging to our human evolution, and so was Gautama Buddha.’ [80
 
Scientology: 
 
L. Ron Hubbard (born 1911) founded Scientology in 1952.  “Scientology says:  ‘There are gods above all other gods, and gods beyond the gods of the universe. … [H]ell is a total myth, an invention just to make people very unhappy and is a vicious lie.’” [81]  “Hubbard, a former science fiction writer ..., teaches that millions and millions of years ago all that existed were free and boundless spiritual entities called Thetans. For amusement, the Thetans created a Matter/Energy/Space/Time (MEST) universe to play in. They descended into the universe … and assumed various physical forms.  After a while, they became so enthralled with their game that they took it to be real.  They identified with the bodies they had taken and became trapped in them … Because the Thetans had forgotten their original identity, they were doomed to migrate from body to body, all over the universe, when … [their] physical form … died.  The aim of Scientology is first to clear a person of the attachment produced by millions of past-life experiences, and then teach him or her to become an Operating Thetan (OT) once again.” [82] “Scientologists are encouraged to awaken their dormant Thetan potential by removing all mental blocks called engrams.  By doing so they can realize their true personhood, achieving total power and control over MEST.  Engrams are said to be traumatic experiences in past lives.”  [83] “[They] combine a course of therapy using a crude lie-detector [they call an E-meter] with a series of ultimately Buddhist teachings: that we are not our bodies but are actually … immortal [spirits and] … possess … theoretically unlimited powers; that we progress through a series of incarnations; that salvation involves personal enlightenment which must be achieved by individual effort unaided by any deity.” [84] “Other doctrines and practices include astral travel, [occult] regression to past lives, and the ‘urge toward existence as spirits.’” [85]
 
The Association for Reasearch and Enlightement (ARE): 
 
ARE was “founded in 1932 to research and preserve [Edgar Cayce’s psychic] readings.” [86]  “The American most noted for popularizing reincarnation within the United States was Edgar Cayce [1877-1945].  … He was [also] the leading exponent of ‘a new world religion’ based on immortality of the soul via reincarnation.” [87]  “He was not the first in his family to exhibit psychic tendencies.  His father had a strange power over snakes, and his grandfather had a … reputation as a water witcher … [and] could also [levitate objects] … [A]t the age of twenty-four … [Edgar] lost his voice.  Doctors failed to offer a cure, so hypnotists were consulted.  After being subjected to a deep trance state … his throat was instantly healed. … A.C. Layne, the hypnotist who had facilitated Cayce’s voice restoration, suggested that Edgar self induce sleep/trance condition and attempt to see what was wrong with another person’s body.  Cayce did just that and described in detail Layne’s physical condition.  Physiological, biological, and pharmacological terms were uttered from Cayce’s mouth although he had only a grammar school education.  Even Cayce admitted the voice was not his own. … It was Layne who told Cayce he had a clairvoyant gift and called his diagnoses ‘readings.’ … [In 1923 Cayce] met Arthur Lummers, a student of Theosophy and occultism.  Lammers encouraged Cayce to go beyond his physical readings of ills to cultivate the practice of life readings.  These revelations contain analyses of spiritual and philosophical matters…During his life time, Edgar Cayce gave in excess of 16,000 readings. Of that total, 14,246 were stenographically recorded … [Cayce’s] prophecies have proved to be [about] 90 percent accurate.” [88]  “Cayce … believed that grace is … the freedom to forgive others and thus save ourselves by reducing our karmic debt.  According to him, God has already forgiven us all; thus there is no judgement, no eternal … hell, and also no ... heaven.” [89]  “Psychic revelation was also the source of information for his contention that Jesus was initiated into secret societies in India and Egypt. … [Cayce] encouraged nearly every form of occultism from astrology to … ancient Egyptian mysteries.  But reincarnation is the cornerstone of his belief system … According to Cayce, God created all souls in the beginning, and they enter the material, earthly plan by choice to work out their faults and thus achieve atonement with God.  Jesus … was [supposedly] appearing in his 9th incarnation, having been on earth before as Adam, Enoch, and Melchizedek among others.  In Cayce’s view, Christ has now worked out his karmic debt and become a Christ-soul.” [90]
 
EVIDENCE IN FAVOR OF AND AGAINST REINCARNATION:

“The foremost academic investigator of human survival after death is Ian Stevenson (b. 1918). A professor of psychiatry at the University of Virginia School of Medicine, Stevenson has been a pioneer in applying ‘modern methods of recording, verification and analysis’ to cases of supposed reincarnation.  Until he so, ‘incidents of alleged rebirth remained in the categories of legend, folklore, and unsupported claims.  ‘… This professor is clearly open to considering reincarnation a valid experience, although he continues to state that he has ‘proved’ nothing.” [91] The Bible on the other hand, which has proven to be accurate scientifically and spiritually, clearly states:  “it is appointed unto men once to die…” (Hebrews 9:27).  Here we will examine the so called “evidence for reincarnation,” and the evidence against it. 
           
Evidence in Favor of Reincarnation:
 
1.  Reincarnation seems logical:
 
Reincarnation is used to explain the reason why some people are born into well to do families, and others are born into poverty.  Some people are born deaf, blind, or with other defects, or with disease, and other babies are born strong and with perfect health.  Some people have many more problems than others. The reincarnationist says this is, because we are merely reaping the benefits or punishment we stored up for ourselves in our previous life.  This is the evidence of the logical Law of Karma.
 
Reincarnation is said to be logical because it enables us to go on to finish incomplete tasks from our past.  Reincarnationists say it is logical and good to be able to utilize knowledge and experience from our past lives.
 
2.  Spontaneous an intuitive recall of past lives:
 
Intuitive recall (déjà vu) or the feeling that we have “been here before” is said to be an evidence of reincarnation. The spontaneous acquaintance with people, places, and experiences upon initial encounter with them, especially by children, is claimed as evidence of reincarnation.
 
3.  Hypnotic regression to remember past lives:  Under hypnosis people have described details they have never experienced in this life, and even speak in languages unknown to them.
 
4.  The Bible is used to endorse reincarnation:  Some versus used are:
 
 1.  Job 1:21   - Isn’t reincarnation taught here?  No, it means one will die as he was born, that is without wealth or posessions (Ecc 5:15).        
 2.  Proverbs 8:22-31 - Does not this passage teach the eternality of the soul?  No, it teaches that the Holy Spirit is eternal.
 3.  Jeremiah 1:4-5 - Preexistence of the soul?
 4.  Leviticus 24:19-20 - The justice of karma?     
 5.  Matthew 11:7-14 - Was not Elijah reincarnated as John the Baptist?                     
 6.  Mark 8:27-30 - Didn’t the people believed Jesus was a reincarnation?
 7.  John 3:5, 7 - Jesus said one must be physically born again?
 8.  John 8:58 - Preexistence of the soul? 
 9. John 9:1-2 - The law of karma?
10. Luke 17:21 - Soul progression?
11. Galatians 6:8 - The law of karma?
12. Hebrews 7:2-3 - Melchizedek reincarnated as Jesus?
 
Evidence against Reincarnation:
 
1.  None of the evidences in favor of reincarnation are valid:
 
Reincarnation is not logical:  It is not logical to believe that one born in poverty or with birth defects or disease, or one with problems greater than others is being punished for wrongs (bad karma) that he can’t even remember.  And how can one use experience from his former life if he cannot remember it.  People just have no knowledge of past lives.
 
Past-life recall:  Intuitive and spontaneous recall are not scientific evidence of past lives.  “Intuitive recall can be explained by pointing out that when a person feels that he has been somewhere before or thinks that has met that person before, he is simply experiencing an attempt by the subconscious mind to relate the present experience to something in the past.  For instance, a person may have seen a … photograph of that person or place and, although he can’t consciously remember seeing it, his subconscious mind relates the encounter to the picture …, causing that person to think that he has been there before or met that person in a previous life.” [92] “The foremost academic investigator of [reincarnation, Dr. Ian Stevenson’s] … own research focus primarily on very young children and what they seem to [spontaneously] recall about past lives.  [Spontaneous recall is Dr. Stevenson’s very best evidence for reincarnation, but he admits]: ‘The evidence I have assembled…does not warrant any firm conclusion about reincarnation [1960]. … I…reiterate that I consider these cases suggestive of reincarnation and nothing more. … Neither any case individually nor all of them collectively offers anything like proof of reincarnation.’ [1974]” [93]  “Most cases [of spontaneous recall] … involve children raised in cultures with a predisposition to believe in reincarnation.  Considering the vivid imagination of most youngsters, it would take little parental encouragement to spin a tale of fascination proportions.  The resulting doting attention would enable a child’s mind to construct a very believable scenario.” [94]
 
Hypnotic regression and psychic recall:  Both of these occult practices are demonically inspired.  Satan and demons are interested in contradicting the Word of God which clearly states that we live only once (Hebrews 9:27).  “Information acquired through occult means will not lead a person to truth but into error.  Though the experience may be real, or even supernatural, if it is not grounded in Truth, it will lead one into further deception.  Information acquired through [hypnosis] … mediums, or ESP … is occultic [and] … fraudulent.  Since the Bible teaches that participation in any occult activity is forbidden (Exodus 22:18; Leviticus 19:31; Deuteronomy 13:1-5, 18:10-12), and that the real power behind these practices is satanic and evil, those who seek to validate their experience through such means are being tricked into believing that they have lived before … [Hypnosis] is the most popular argument given to support past-life recall. … [The one being hypnotized] is highly susceptible to suggestions and other mental or psycho-spiritual transmissions, and therefore unreliable. Those cases that involve hypnotic regression are deriving their information from memories of the subconscious mind or from genuine occultic sources.  Neither case is sufficient to prove that reincarnation is true.” [95]
 
The Bible never teaches reincarnation:  Some reincarnationists say that reincarnation is taught in the Bible.  This is a totally absurd assumption to say the least.  Scripture verses used to teach reincarnation are easily refuted.  John 3:3 for example says:  “Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.”  This verse, taken out of context, might seem to teach reincarnation, but if we read on we see that reincarnation is not the case.  John 3:6 continues:  “That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.” (cf. Titus 3:5; John 1:12-13).  The Word of God makes it clear that these are two different kinds of births:  one is in and by the flesh, and the other is by the Holy Spirit of God.  Other Scripture texts which reincarnationists take out of context can also easily be shown not to teach reincarnation.  “[The famous reincarnationist, Edgar] Cayce admitted that reincarnation is not taught in the Bible, but blamed the omission on third-century translators whom he claimed deliberately excised it from the cannon.” [96]
 
2.  The population explosion disproves reincarnation: 
 
“Reincarnation falters as the population explodes.  If, as claimed by most reincarnationists, human souls are not created but have existed forever and all began their spiritual journey to God-consciousness at the same time, then no new souls are being created for the increasing number of bodies now populating the earth.  If that is so, how could the ‘birth cycle’ of self-replacement develop into a population explosion?  The world continues to show a geometric increase in its population, with the time required for the population’s doubling now taking less than one generation. … According to the concept of reincarnation, the population of the world should not only remain constant, as people exchange bodies at death, but should be decreasing as some lucky souls vacate the scene for nirvana … In other words, if no new souls are being created and old souls are continually being absorbed back into Brahma, then the population should be reducing.  But just the opposite is true.  More persons are alive now than have ever existed in all of history before.” [97]  Old fashion transmigrationists and modern reincarnationists attempt to explain their self-indicting dilemma thusly:
 
“Admitting that the population is increasing, some modern reincarnationists have tried to say that new souls are being added from other planets, perhaps arriving like UFOs.”  [98] There are many New Age cults that believe in UFOs, and reincarnation.  Some of these groups even claim to be in contact with the alien UFO occupants.  The alien’s messages are occultic and teach Hindu type philosophies.  The Bible speaks of “great signs … from heaven” in the last days just before the return of Christ (Luke 21:11), and about what appear to UFOs which are a “curse that go forth over the face of the whole earth” and are “wickedness” (Zechariah 5).  The occupants of these UFOs of the last days are non other than the wicked “sons of God,” the fallen angels or devils (Genesis 6:1-4; Ephesians  6:10-12; Revelation 12:7-9; cf. Job 1:6, 2:1, 38:4-7). The occupants of UFOs are “seducing spirits” and their messages are totally unreliable because they are “doctrines of devils” (I Timothy 4:1). 
 
“[T]ransmigrationsts offer a partial answer.  They believe that the [additional] necessary human souls can be added from the insect and animal world to human form.  But if that theory is true, the population of these lower careatures should be decreasing as a result of that … shift into human souls.  There is no data to substantiate this trend.” [99]
 
3.  The increasing wickedness of mankind disproves reincarnation: 
 
The purpose of reincarnation is to gradually, over a period of many lifetimes, to purge one’s self of bad karma and finally reach Nirvana, or achieve union with Brahma.  The doctrine of reincarnation postulates that humanity should be getting better and better as we rid ourselves of our bad character, learn self discipline, and become one with the All.  But the fact of the matter is that mankind is getting worse and worse.  The abundant increase in the crime rate, murder, depravity, immorality, and selfishness in the world prove that mankind is not getting better, but worse.
 
4.  Clinical death resuscitations disprove reincarnation: 
 
Dr. Maurice S. Rawlings, a specialist in cardiovascular disease and scholar into the subject of life after death, has resuscitated many patients who were clinically dead.  Dr.  Rawlings says:  “I have interviewed people who have actually ‘died,’ experiencing clinical death but recovering through resuscitation before biological tissue death can occur.  About twenty percent of patients who have been successfully retrieved from clinical death have an experience to report after resuscitation.  Of those … there seem to be as many bad experiences as good ones.  I have chronicled interviews of this kind … Those interviews are first hand accounts of events occurring after death, with sequential similarity so striking that they defy fabrication - cases of accurate recall of events occurring during death, experiences in another world (not this one), and the profound impact of the events upon their own lives.  Such accounts indicate that something dramatic waits beyond death’s door. … Do those reports give any valid insights into reincarnation?  No case that I know of received any verbal, visual, or other indication that the victim would return to this earth in another body.  On the contrary, they had every indication that they would stay where they were assigned in the spirit world … [T]he deceased’s loved ones, who seemingly greeted them in the spirit world, were exactly as the dying person had last seen them.  They were not in someone else’s body.” [100]
 
SCRIPTURAL REFUTATION OF REINCARNATION: 
 
The Bible has proven itself over and over again to be the trustworthy, infallible, indestructible, inerrant, and holy Word of God.  The many 100% accurate prophecies that have been fulfilled prove the Bible’s accuracy.  Furthermore, scholars have shown that there are mathematical structures in the original language of the Bible which cannot be duplicated by man. This math structure runs in the very words, sentences, and paragraphs of all 66 books of the Bible from Genesis to Revelation.  The letters of the Greek and Hebrew alphabets were also used as numbers when the Bible was written.  The supernatural math structure has to do with multiples of the number 7 that run throughout the Bible in the texts of the Hebrew Old Testament, and the Greek New Testament.  Similarly the theme of the Bible, salvation through the blood of Christ, runs throughout, in spite of the fact that it was written over a period of 1500 years by some 40 men.  Other evidences that prove the Bible to be God’s Word are its scientific and historical accuracy, and its supernatural power to change people’s lives.  These and other evidences prove the trustworthiness of the Bible beyond any reasonable doubt.  But in spite of these facts, that any thinking person can examine for himself, some reincarnationists allege “that the parts of the Bible which clearly taught reincarnation were suppressed … by biased ‘editors.’ The ‘editing’ took place allegedly in the [early] Church Councils. … Such beliefs are notable only for their lack of historical integrity. … [I]t would make no difference what [the] … councils decided, because one can go directly to the most ancient texts [which were written before the councils were held].  … The ancient world was so flooded with copies of the New Testament that it was beyond the power of any [council] to expunge … doctrines from them. … [And these] already contained huge amounts of teaching that deny the premise of reincarnation.” [101]  If God can create the Universe, and He did, then He can certainly preserve His Word for all generations.  The Lord Jesus Christ said:  “Heaven and earth shall pass away, but My words shall not pass away.” (Matthew 24:35, cf. 5:17-18; I Peter 1:24-25; Psalm 119:89)  God’s indestructible Word preserves for us today every word and every doctrine that He originally delivered to His servants the prophets (II Peter 1:20-21; I Peter 1:10-12).  There are many verses of Scripture, and many doctrines in the Bible that clearly and soundly refute the false doctrine of reincarnation, settling the question once for all.  Here are some of the Scriptures and Bible doctrines that refute reincarnation:
 
Job 19: 25-27:  Job is the oldest book of the Bible, written not long after the Great Flood.  Job knew that the Lord Jesus Christ would come to this earth in the end times and that he would see the Lord in his own resurrected body, not someone else’s reincarnated body.  This passage says:
 
“For I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth:  And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God:  Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another; though my reins be consumed within me.”
 
John 3:13:  Reincarnation, if it were true, should have some people that have reached perfection through countless millions of reincarnations. However, Jesus said no one had been to heaven when He spoke to Nicodemus.  When the Lord Jesus was on earth no one had yet been to Heaven, except the Lord Himself.  After His resurrection He took the souls those in Paradise or Abraham’s Bosom to heaven with Him (Luke 16:22-26; Eph 4:7-9).   In John 3:13 the Lord said:
 
“And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven.”
 
John 3: 3-8:  The Lord Jesus made it unmistakably clear that He was not talking about reincarnation, but spiritual birth when He spoke to Nicodemus.  John 3: 3-8 reads: 
 
“… Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.  Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother’s womb, and be born?  Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.  That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.  Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again.  The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit.”
John 9:1-3:  The man born blind was born so not because of his bad karma, but for the glory of God.  John 9:1-3 says: 
 
“And as Jesus passed by, he saw a man which was blind from his birth.  And his disciples asked him, saying, Master, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind?  Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made manifest in him.”
 
Hebrews 9:25-26:   The Bible says that Christ “… hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit.” (1 Peter 3:18); and “… we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.” (Hebrews 10:10).  Jesus was never reincarnated.  Hebrews 9:25-26 says:
 
“Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others;  For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.”
 
Hebrews 9:27-28:  The Word of God makes it clear that it is appointed unto man once to die and after that he will be judged by God.  Those who have been born twice, physically and spiritually will die only physically; but those who have been born only once will die twice, a second death after his judgment (Revelation 20:11-15).  There is only one death before the judgment.  Hebrews 9:27-28 reads:
 
“And as it is appointed unto man ONCE to die, But after this the judgment:  So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them look for Him shall He appear the second time without sin unto salvation.”
 
The Doctrine of God:  All religions holding to the false doctrine of reincarnation reject Bible truth concerning the personality and works of God.  Some believe there is a Creator, but that he has no personal attributes like memory, love, anger, and so forth; others believe that nature, rather than God are eternal; others believe it is impossible to know if there is a God; and the most absurd of all, some believe there is no God at all.  The Word of God teaches that:
 
* God has a mind and memory (Jeremiah 29:11, 31:20; Isaiah 43:25; Hosea 8:13; II Timothy 2:19).  In fact God knows everything (I John 3:20; Isaiah 46:9-10).
 
* God has a will (Matthew 6:10; Hebrews 10:7, 9; I John 2:17).
 
* God is a personal spirit (John 4:24; Hebrews 1:3).
 
* God speaks (Exodus 3:12; Matthew 3:17; Luke 17:6). 
 
* God sees and hears (Genesis 6:5; Exodus 2:24).
 
* God loves (Romans 5:5, 8; I John 4:8-10; John 3:16).
 
* God hates (Proverbs 6:16-19, 8:13; Revelation 2:6, 15).
 
* God created everything (Genesis 1:1; John 1:1-3; Hebrews 11:3; Colossians 1:16; Genesis 1:14-18; Psalm 148:1-5; Isaiah 42:5; Nehemiah 9:6; Genesis 1:11-12, Genesis 1:20-25; Psalm 148:3, 5; Nehemiah 9:6; Colossians 1:16; Genesis 1:26-27, 2:7; Psalm 139:13-16; Isaiah 42:5, 57:16; Zechariah 12:1; Ecclesiastes 12:7; Hebrews 12:9; Isaiah 45:8; Matthew 25:41; John 14:1-6).
  
* God upholds His creation and keeps it in operation (Hebrews 1:3; Colossian 1:17).
 
* God judges (Exodus 12:12; Romans 3:19; Acts 10:34-43, 17:31; Hebrews 12:23; Ezekiel 18:30; Revelation 20:11-15; Jude 14-15; II Corinthians 5:10).
 
* That only the fool hath said in his heart, “There is no God.” (Psalm 14:1, 53:1; Romans 1:20-22).
 
The Doctrine of Christ:  Reincarnationists almost universally deny the Biblical doctrine of Christ.  However the Word of God teaches that Lord Jesus Christ is the second member of the Trinity, the One True God in three persons: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost. All three members of the Trinity are totally one in being, plan, purpose, unity, and essence.  All are coequal in power, holiness, and every attribute.  The holy Trinity is uncreated, without beginning, and eternal.  The Bible says:  “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are One.” (I John 5:7)  All three members of the Trinity are spirit and had no body until “the Word was made flesh” and was born of the virgin Mary (John 1:14, 4:24; Matthew 1:18-25; Luke 1:26-35).  It was at this point that the Word or Christ became a human being names Jesus (meaning saviour).  This is the main thrust of the doctrine of Christ:  “God was manifest in the flesh.” (I Timothy 3:16). Christ, the Word, was incarnate once, not even twice, but just once.  He was not reincarnate, but “incarnate” (meaning in the flesh).  The Word of God says:
 
  “[W]hen the fullness of time was come, God sent forth His son [Christ, the Word] made of a woman, made under the Law, to redeem them that were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.” (Galatians 4:4-5) 
 
Christ’s coming into the world had only one main purpose: To provide a perfect and sinless sacrifice who would  offer Himself just once for the salvation of all Hell deserving lost people.  This sacrifice was to satisfy God’s justice, if people would only turn from their sins to Christ and receive the gift of eternal life by faith (I John 3:5; II Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 9:22-10:14; Ephesians 2:8; Romans 3:23-26, 5:1, 8, 6:23; John 3:16).  This was actually done in history, “when the fullness was come,” and it was done “once for all” by Jesus Christ, God incarnate, the only one capable of paying such a price to redeem “whosoever will” believe and receive Him as personal Lord and Saviour. 
 
This is basically the doctrine of Christ, but contrary to the Word of God on this subject reincarnationists will tell us:
 
1.
“[Christ became aware that he was the Saviour] when He fell, in Eden.” (Edgar Cayce)  This implies that Christ was a reincarnation of Adam.  If this was true, and it isn’t, it would mean Christ was not sinless, but He is (I John 3:5). 
 
2. “Christ is … the one complete idea of perfect man and divine Mind.  This Christ or perfect man idea existing eternally in divine Mind is the true, spiritual, higher-self of every individual.” (Unity School of Christianity).  That is the oldest satanic lie in the Book!  The Devil told Eve, You are God (Genesis 3:4-5). 
 
3. “[I]n time all men become christs.” (Theosophy) That’s not the Biblical doctrine of Christ!  The Lord Jesus said that this false teaching would increase in the last days and that we should beware of it when He said, “… Take heed that no man deceive you.  For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.” (Matthew 24:4-5)
 
“[Jesus Christ] was a spirit belonging to our human evolution, and so was Gautama Buddha.” (Rosicrucianism) Again, this isn’t the doctrine of Christ!
 
Reincarnationists are universally either atheists (believe there is no God), pantheists (believe everything is God), or polytheists (believe there are many gods).  Religions that hold the doctrine of reincarnation all deny the doctrine of Christ.  If you are a born again Christian the Word of God says:
 
“Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world. Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.” (1 John 4:1-3)
 
“Look to yourselves, that we lose not those things which we have wrought, but that we receive a full reward.  Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son.  If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed:  For he that biddeth him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds.” (2 John 8-11)
 
This does not mean that we do not witness to these precious people for whom Christ Jesus died.  It does mean that the child is not to receive the teachers or teachings of these antichrist religions.
 
CONCLUSION: 
 
So now, hopefully, we understand what reincarnation, transmigration and metempsychosis are.  They are the words that describe the reanimation of the souls of the dead into new bodies, whether human, animal, insect, lower forms of life, or in some religions even plants.
 
They describe a false doctrine originated by Semiramis who shortly after the Great Flood claimed that her son, Tammuz, was the reincarnation of her husband, Nimrod, who was the first antichrist after the Flood and was executed for murder and heresy.  Semiramis also claimed that see herself was the mother of all living, the reincarnation of Eve.  These legends spread abroad from Babel and evolved into the various doctrines of reincarnation that we see today.

Reincarnationism in its origin has close ties with astrology and this unauthorized method of seeking spiritual knowledge is still frequently seen in close relation with the religions that hold to reincarnation.  The Christian archheretic, Origenes Adamantius (184-254 A.D) or Origen for short, believed in reincarnation and even believed that the stars had souls.
 
All of the religions of the world can ultimately be traced back to just two sources:  The Lord God Almighty of holiness and truth, and Satan, the evil deceiver.  This Devil’s goal is to destroy and corrupt God’s Truth.  That is what reincarnation and astrology are.  Reincarnation is a corruption of the doctrine of the resurrection and astrology is a corruption of the handywork of God in the heavens. The Bible says:
 
“And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:  And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.” (Genesis 1:14-16)
 
“The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.  Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge.  There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard.  Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,  Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race. His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.” (Psalm 19:1-6)
 
“When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?” (Psalm 8:3-4)
 
From Babel spread reincarnation into all the world along with astrology and other forms of occultism.  Its first great stronghold was ancient India and the religion of Hinduism.  And into ancient Persia it went where the false religion of Zoroasterism arose around the idea of the seed of the woman who would crush the serpents head (Genesis 3:15). Mixing the truths of God with a lies, Satan and makes it of no effect in the lives of millions. 
 
Likewise into ancient Egypt, Britain, Gaul, Greece the Far East and the Roman Empire went this false doctrine of great antiquity and evolved into the abominations of the New Age Movement that we see today in Theosophy, the Unity School of Christianity the Rosicrucians, Scientology, the Association for Reasearch and Enlightement (ARE), etc., etc., etc.  The teachings of these groups will ultimately be incorporated into the end time One World Church, including the false doctrine of reincarnation.  Even now the false teaching lies hidden in Roman Catholicism in the teachings of Origen like an Ishtar egg waiting to be hatched.
 
The people left after the Rapture of the Church Age saints will accept this heresy that will be propagated by the second beast of Revelation, the False Prophet of the Church of Rome which is Mystery Babylon (Revelation 13:11-18, 16:13, 17:4-6 19:20, 20:10).  The masses of the Tribulation will readily accept the doctrine of reincarnation in spite of the fact that there is not a shred of evidence to back it up except lies and their vain imaginations (Genesis 6:5; Romans 1:21).

Biblically there is only one conclusion one can come to:  Resurrection, not reincarnation.  The doctrine of the resurrection is the foundation of Biblical Christianity.  If Christ did not rise from the dead then believers in Christ will not either.  However, He did and we will.  There are eye witness accounts and other irrefutable evidences recorded in the Bible concerning Jesus Christ’s resurrection.
 
“Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?  But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen:  And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain.  Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not.  For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised:  And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.  Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished.  If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable.  But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.  For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.  For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.” (1 Corinthians 15:12-22)
 
“But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. Wherefore comfort one another with these words.” (1 Thessalonians 4:13-18)
 
The Old Testament Patriarch, Job some 4,000 plus years ago knew for sure that he would be resurrected in the last days, and that he would see the Lord with his own eyes and in his own flesh, not another’s.  Remember Job’s words:
 
“For I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth:  And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God:  Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another; though my reins be consumed within me.” (Job 19: 25-27).
 
The Lord Jesus clearly taught against reincarnation and karma in John 3:1-13, John 9:1-3, and Hebrews 9:25-28 also unequivocally teaches against reincarnation where it says:  
 
“Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others;  For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now ONCE in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.  And as it is appointed unto man ONCE to die, But after this the judgment:  So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them look for Him shall He appear the second time without sin unto salvation.” (cf. 1 Peter 3:18; Hebrews 10:10). 
 
“If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed.” (2 John 10)



END NOTES:
 
1.  Webster, Noah, Noah Webster’s First Edition of an American Dictionary,  Foundation for American Christian Education, San Francisco, CA, 1828: “Metempsychosis”.
 
2.  Webster’s Daily Use Dictionary, Grosset & Dunlap Publishers, New York, NY, 1932: “Metempsychosis”.
 
3.  Webster’s 1932 Dictionary: “Transmigration”.
 
4.  Webster’s 1828 Dictionary: “Transmigration”.
 
5.   Beaver, R. Pierce, et al, Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, Eerdmans Publishing, Grand Rapids, MI, 1982, p. 432.
 
6.  Rawlings, Maurice S., Life Wish, Thomas Nelson, Nashville, TN,  1981,  p. 15.
 
7.  Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, p. 424.
 
8.  Rawlings, pp. 47, 75.
 
9.  Hislop, Alexander, The Two Babylons, Loizeaux Brothers, Neptune, NJ, 1916, p. 62.
 
10. Kennedy, James D., The Real Meaning of the Zodiac, CRM Publishing, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 1993, pp. 10, 11, 12.
 
11. Fleming, Kenneth C., God’s Voice in the Stars, Loizeaux Brothers, Neptune, NJ, 1981, p. 12.
 
12. Fleming, p. 26.
 
13. Webber, David, Prophecy in Stone, Harvest Press Inc., 1974, pp. 20, 21.
 
14. Petersen, Dennis R., Christian Equippers, Int., S. Lake Tahoe, CA, Unlocking the Mysteries of Creation, 1987, p. 182.
 
15. Webber, p. 15.
 
16. Larkin, Clarence, Dispensational Truth, Larkin Estate, Glenside, PA, 1920, p. 164.
 
17. Webber, p. 14.
 
18. Gardner, Joseph, Atlas of the Bible, Readers Digest, Pleasantville, NY, 1981, p. 242.
 
19. Webber, p. 85.
 
20. Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, p. 28.
 
21. Larson, Bob, Larson’s Book of Cults, Tyndale House, Wheaton, IL, 1982, pp. 257, 258.
 
22. Koch, Kurt, Occult ABC, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI, 1986, p. 20.
 
23. Morris, Henry M, The Genesis Record, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1976, p. 233, 235.
 
24. Hislop, p. 23.
 
25. Morris, p. 252.
 
26. Hislop, p. 23.
 
27. Ibid., p. 63.
 
28. Ibid. pp. 58, 59, 69, 190, 191, 279.
 
29. Ibid. pp.20, 21.
 
30. Ibid. p. 62.
 
31. Ibid. pp.110, 304, 307, 308, 309.
 
32. Ibid. p. ix.
 
33. Rawlings, p 63.
 
34. Hislop, p. 59.
 
35. Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, p. 83.
 
36. Ibid., p. 80
 
37. Heydt, Henry, A Comparison of World Religions, Christian Literature Crusade, Ft. Washington, PA, 1967, p. 17
 
39. Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, pp. 175, 176.
 
40. Hislop, Alexander, pp. 134, 135, 136, 244, 311 & Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, p. 184.
 
41. Kirban, Salem, Satan’s Angels Exposed, Grapevine Book Distributors, Rossville, GA, 1980, pp. 60, 61, 62.
 
42. Rawlings, p. 48.
 
43. Hislop, p. 69.
 
44. Rawlings, p. 48.
 
45. Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, pp. 420, 422.
 
46. Hislop, p. 46.
 
47. Ibid., p. 288.
 
48. Ibid., pp. 240, 241, 242, 280
 
49. Halley, Henry H., Halley’s Bible Handbook, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1927, p. 759  &  Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, p. 112.
 
50. . Fuller, David Otis, Which Bible, Institute for Biblical Textual Studies, Grand Rapids, MI, 1970, pp. 3, 192, 193, 219.
 
51. Ruckman, Peter S., Christian Handbook of Manuscript Evidence, Pensacola Bible Press, Palatka, FL, 1970, pp. 38, 58.
 
52. Fuller, 193.
 
53. Wilhelm, Anthony J., Christ Among Us, (Imprimatur of Peter L. Gerety, Archbishop of Newark) Paulist Press, New York, NY, 1975, p 379.
 
54. Hunt, Dave, Global Peace, Harvest House, Eugene, OR, 1990, p.156.
 
55. Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, p. 54.
 
56. Ibid. p. 185.
 
57. McDowell, Josh, Understanding Non-Christian Religions, Here’s Life Publishers, San Bernardino, CA, 1982, p. 23.
 
58. Ibid. p. 24
 
59. Larson, p. 81.
 
60. McDowell, pp. 24, 25, 26.
 
61. Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, pp. 222, 226
 
62. Rawlings, p. 57.
 
63. Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, pp. 230, 231.
 
64. Ibid. 234.
 
65. Ibid. 231, 236.
 
66. Rawlings, p.60.
 
67. McDowell, p. 38.
 
68. Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, pp. 211, 212.
 
69. Rawlings, p. 62.
 
70. Larson, p. 98.
 
71. Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, p. 252.
 
72. Rawlings, p. 65.
 
73. Martin, Walter, The New Age Cult, Bethany House, Minneapolis, MN, 1989, pp. 19, 20, 69, 70.
 
74. Martin, Walter, Kingdom of the Cults, Bethany House, Minneapolis, MN, 1965, pp. 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251.
 
75. Martin, The New Age Cult, p. 15.
 
76. Martin, Kingdom of the Cults, pp. 279, 280, 281, 282.
 
77. Larson, p.172.
 
78. Martin, Kingdom of the Cults, pp. 285, 286, 292.
 
79. Larson, pp. 307, 308.
 
80. Martin, Kingdom of the Cults, pp., 507, 508, 509, 511.
 
81. Ibid., 348, 349.
 
82. Rawlings, p. 91.
 
83. Larson, p. 313.
 
84. Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, p.380
 
85. Larson, p. 314.
 
86. Ibid. pp. 244, 245.
 
87. Rawlings, p. 82.
 
88. Larson, pp. 243, 244, 246.
 
89. Rawlings, pp. 84, 85.
 
90. Larson, p. 246.
 
91. Rawlings, pp. 19, 20, 21.
 
92. Martin, The New Age Cult, p. 91.
 
93. Rawlings, pp. 20, 21.
 
94. Larson, pp. 57, 58.
 
95. Martin, The New Age Cult, pp. 92, 93.
 
96. Larson, p. 246.
 
97. Rawlings, pp. 96, 97.
 
98. Ibid. p. 97.
 
99. Ibid. p. 97.
 
100. Ibid. pp. 41, 42.
 
101. Ankerburg, John, News & Views, Ankerburg Evangelistic Association, Chattanooga, TN, 1987, p. 3.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
BIBLIOGRAPHY:
 
Ankerburg, John, News & Views, Ankerburg Evangelistic Association, Chattanooga, TN, 1987
 
Beaver, R. Pierce, et al, Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions, Eerdmans Publishing, Grand Rapids, MI, 1982
 
Fleming, Kenneth C., God’s Voice in the Stars, Loizeaux Brothers, Neptune, NJ, 1981
 
Fuller, David Otis, Which Bible, Institute for Biblical Textual Studies, Grand Rapids, MI, 1970
 
Gardner, Joseph, Atlas of the Bible, Readers Digest, Pleasantville, NY, 1981
 
Halley, Henry H., Halley’s Bible Handbook, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1927, p. 759  &  Eerdmans’ Handbook to the World’s Religions
 
Hislop, Alexander, The Two Babylons, Loizeaux Brothers, Neptune, NJ, 1916
 
Kennedy, James D., The Real Meaning of the Zodiac, CRM Publishing, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 1993
 
Kirban, Salem, Satan’s Angels Exposed, Grapevine Book Distributors, Rossville, GA, 1980
 
Koch, Kurt, Occult ABC, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI, 1986
 
Larkin, Clarence, Dispensational Truth, Larkin Estate, Glenside, PA, 1920
 
Larson, Bob, Larson’s Book of Cults, Tyndale House, Wheaton, IL, 1982
 
Martin, Walter, Kingdom of the Cults, Bethany House, Minneapolis, MN, 1965
 
Martin, Walter, The New Age Cult, Bethany House, Minneapolis, MN, 1989
 
McDowell, Josh, Understanding Non-Christian Religions, Here’s Life Publishers, San Bernardino, CA, 1982
 
Morris, Henry M, The Genesis Record, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1976
 
Petersen, Dennis R., Christian Equippers, Int., S. Lake Tahoe, CA, Unlocking the Mysteries of Creation, 1987
 
Rawlings, Maurice S., Life Wish, Thomas Nelson, Nashville, TN, 1981
 
Ruckman, Peter S., Christian Handbook of Manuscript Evidence, Pensacola Bible Press, Palatka, FL, 1970
 
Webber, David, Prophecy in Stone, Harvest Press Inc., 1974
 
Webster, Noah, Noah Webster’s First Edition of an American Dictionary,  Foundation for American Christian Education, San Francisco, CA, 1828
 
Webster’s Daily Use Dictionary, Grosset & Dunlap Publishers, New York, NY, 1932
 
Wilhelm, Anthony J., Christ Among Us, (Imprimatur of Peter L. Gerety, Archbishop of Newark) Paulist Press, New York, NY, 1975, p 379.
 
A Comparison of World Religions