By John Henry
February 10, 2008


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
The First Biblical Mention Of God
Eloheem & It's Variations
God's Proper Name: Jehovah
Eloheem Used With Jehovah
The Aleph / Tahv Of Genesis 1:1
Jehovah's Menorah In The Torah
God's Name & The Number Eight
Conclusion
End Notes

______________


INTRODUCTION

One defender of Islam said,  "Allah is the God of Abraham Isaac and Jacob, Hebrew 'Eloah'." He further states:

"Allah for Muslims is the greatest and most inclusive of the Names of God, it is an Arabic word of rich meaning, denoting the one and only God and ascribing no partners to Him. It is exactly the same word which the Jews, in Hebrew, use for God (eloah), the word which Jesus Christ used in Aramaic when he prayed to Allah.  Allah has an identical name in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.... However, it should be noted that God in Islam is One and Only. He...does not have a son (i.e. Jesus)..."

This caused me to do some research on the Word "God" in the Bible.  The results of which are below in the following chapters.  My study proves that Eloah or Allah is not the name of God at all, and that Jesus the Messiah is in fact God and the Son of God. 

Islam denies the Tri-Unity of God and along with it the Deity of Christ Jesus.  It  denies the Lord's death and resurrection as well.  Christianity and salvation rises or falls with these all important doctrines.  They strike a death blow to Islam, because it denies the one true Almighty Jehovah God of the Bible.

The Bible indicates that when the Lord Jesus was taking the sins of the world upon Himself on the cross that He "cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" (Mark 15:34)  The Lord was in the process of fulfilling Psalm 22 which says in part:
 
"... My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring? ... For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet." (Psalm 22:2, 16) 

Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, declared the Holy Trinity when He cried, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?"  It was Eloi, the Son, who cried out to Eloi, the Father, and Eloi, the Holy Spirit, from the cross!  

However, the Moslem will, no doubt, say that the New Testament record is corrupted where it speaks of Jesus' death on the cross and His resurrection.  An accusation refuted by an abundance of manuscript evidence.  Be not deceived,  the Word of God has been preserved by God and is an incorruptible unity just as He Himself is.

The Lord Jesus Christ said,  "I and my Father are one" (John 10:30).  But the clearest statement of the Tri-Unity is found in 1 John 5:7 which is also attested to by not a little evidence. [1]  1 John 5:7 says:

"For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one."

Is Allah the Almighty or the Great I AM of the Bible the most high God?  Let's examine the Biblical record to see if "Eloah" is really the name of the Almighty or not.

At least 13 verses in the Koran indicate that God's name is Allah (al-Fatihah 1:1; al-Ma'idah 5:4; al-An`am 6:118, 119, 121, 138; Hud 11:41; Yusuf 12:66, 80; al-Hajj 22:28, 34, 36, 40; an-Naml 27:30).  The very first verse of the Koran says that Allah is the name of the Beneficent and Merciful.  It reads:

"In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful." (al-Fatihah 1:1, Pickthall Translation)


THE FIRST BIBLICAL MENTION OF GOD

"In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth." (Genesis 1:1)

The first occurrence of the word "God" in the Bible is in Genesis 1:1.   The word translated "God" here is "Eloheem".  It is the plural form of El.   Neither Eloheem nor any of it's variations are proper names, but are rather titles like King, Prince, or Mister.  Inferior gods lesser in power to the Almighty are also called "eloheem". [2]  The word is also translated "judge", "great", and "mighty".


ELOHEEM AND IT'S VARIATIONS

El-o-heem (Hebrew)

The word "el-o-heem" [Strong's #0430] occurs in the Old Testament 2,606 times.  It refers to God Almighty at least 2,347 times (i.e. Gen 1:1; Deut 6:4).  It refers to lesser and false gods at least 252 times (i.e. Gen 31:30; Ex 22:20; Deut 32:17).

El (Hebrew)

The word "el" [Strong's #0410] occurs in the Old Testament 245 times.  It refers to God Almighty at least 214 times (i.e. Gen 14:18-20, 28:3 , 35:11, 43:14, 48:3 Ex 6:3; Jer 32:18; Isa 7:14, 43:12; Nah 1:2).  It refers to lesser and false gods at least 16 times (i.e. Ex 15:11, 34:14; Deut 32:12; Ps 44:20, 81:9  ; Dan 11:39; Mal 2:11), and to an idol once (Isa 57:5).  It also means power, might, strong.

El-o-ah (Hebrew)

The word "el-o'-ah" [Strong's #0433] occurs in the Old Testament 56 times.  It refers to God Almighty 50 times (i.e. Deut 32:15; Job 11:7 ; Prov 30:5; Isa 44:8), and to lesser gods 6 times (i.e. 2 Chron 32:15; Dan 11:37-39; Hab 1:11).  Islam claims that "el-o'-ah" is the Hebrew equivalent for the name of Allah, their god.

El-aw (Aramaic)

The word "el-aw" [Strong's # 0426] occurs 78 times in the Old Testament.  It is the Aramaic equivalent of the Hebrew "el-o'-ah".   Portions of Ezra, Jeremiah and Daniel were written in Aramaic. It is only in these portions that the word "el-aw" is found.  El-aw refers to God Almighty at least 60 times [i.e. Ezra 5:11-17; Dan 2:27, 3:17, 25, 6:22-23].  It refers to lesser and false gods 15 times [i.e. Jer 10:11; Dan 2:11, 3:12].   Islam claims that "el-aw" is the Aramaic equivalent for the name of Allah, their god.  However, as we have already noted it is not the name of God at all, but a title designating Almighty God and lesser gods. [2]


GOD'S PROPER NAME

God's proper name is Jehovah in English which means "the One who is" [Strong's #03068].  The Name is spelled JHVH and is unpronounceable except with the vowel pointings of the Hebrew word, "ad-o-noy" (Strong's #0136) which is most often translated, "Lord".  Adonoy is a title, spoken in place of Jehovah as a Jewish display of reverence.  In English "Jehovah" is most often translated "LORD" with all capitol letters. It is "Yah" [Strong's #03050] in it's shortened form, and is translated "JAH" and "LORD".  

Prior to the time of Moses Jehovah was known as "Shaddai" [Strong's #07706], "the Almighty" (i.e. Gen 17:1, 35:11; Job 33:4, 34:10, 12, 37:23).

The Lord Jehovah's name comes from Exodus 3:14 where He called Himself, "I AM THAT I AM".  Examples of the use of the LORD Jehovah's holy name follow:

Exodus 3:14-15:  "And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.  And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations."

Exodus 6:3:  "And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them."

Exodus 15:3:  "... the LORD is his name."

Deuteronomy 28:58:  "... fear this glorious and fearful name, THE LORD THY GOD."

Isaiah 42:8:  "I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images."

Isaiah 47:4:  "As for our redeemer, the LORD of hosts is his name, the Holy One of Israel." (cf. Isa 54:5, Jer 50:34)

Jeremiah 32:18:  "Thou shewest lovingkindness unto thousands, and recompensest the iniquity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after them: the Great, the Mighty God, the LORD of hosts, is his name." (Jer 10:16,  31:35, 33:2, 48:2, 51:15, 19; Amos 4:13, 5:8, 9:6)

Jeremiah 23:6:  "...this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS."

Psalm 68:4:  "Sing unto God, sing praises to his name: extol him that rideth upon the heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice before him."

Psalm 83:6-8, 16-18:  "The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes;   Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre;   Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah. ...  Fill their faces with shame; that they may seek thy name, O LORD.   Let them be confounded and troubled for ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish:  That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth."

God's Names, I AM THAT I AM, and LORD signify externality.  His association of these names with His Name, Almighty, by which He was know unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob show that He is the all powerful eternal One (Exodus 3:14-15,  6:3)


ELOHEEM USED WITH JEHOVAH

Now back to the title Eloheem in Genesis 1:1. The "heem" suffix makes it plural.  Some ask, "How can one speak of one God in the plural?"  The Bible says,  "The LORD our God is one LORD" (Deut 6:4). Look at it closely:

"The LORD [Jehovah] our God [Eloheem] is one LORD [Jehovah]."

Put another way:  "Jehovah our Trinity is one Jehovah."

This explanation should help:  God says that He "created man in his own image".  If God is a Tri-Unity then He must have made man a trinity also.  Note these passages of Scripture:

Genesis 1:26:  "... God said, Let US make man in OUR image, after OUR likeness .... So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

1 Thessalonians 5:23:  "And the very God of peace sanctify you WHOLLY; and I pray God your whole SPIRIT and SOUL and BODY be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ."

Just as the One True God, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, is a Holy Trinity, so likewise each man is a trinity. God made him that way in His own image and likeness.  This is an indisputable fact.

"For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are One." (1 John 5:7)

Put still another way Deuteronomy 6:4 may be explained like this:

"The LORD [the Great I AM] our God [the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost] is one LORD [all powerful self existing One]."


THE ALEPH / TAHV OF GENESIS 1:1

In Hebrew Genesis 1:1 reads like this, except from right to left:

        1          2           3           4            5             6         7
Beresheet barah Eloheem  eht  hashamayim vaeht haeretz

[In the beginning] [created] [God] [aleph/tahv] [the heavens] [and] [earth]

The first and last letters of the Hebrew alphabet are "aleph" and "tahv" respectively.  They are to Hebrew what A and Z are to English and also correspond the Greek "alpha" and "omega".  Together the "aleph" and "tahv" are pronounced "eight".  Rabbinic scholars call this word, "the word of creation".  In Genesis 1:1 "eight" is translated together with "Eloheem" as "God".  It is one with God.  All this helps us understand John 1:1-3 and Revelation 1:8 better.

John 1:1-3:  "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.  The same was in the beginning with God.  All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made."

In Revelation 1:8 the Lord Jesus says,  "I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty."

Clearly the Word who became flesh (John 1:14) is found in the very first verse of the Old Testament.  Clearly Christ, the Word, is Almighty Jehovah of the Old Testament, along with the Father and the Holy Spirit.

Also note that the "aleph" and "tahv" is the center word in Genesis 1:1 forming an Hebrew menorah of sorts.  The Menorah of the Old Testament Tabernacle and Temple had seven lamps on it.  Three on either side pointed in toward the center servant lamp that was used to light the other 6 lamps.  This gives added meaning to John 1:4-5 and Revelation 1:12-13:

John 1:4-5:  "In him was life; and the life was the light of men.  And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not."

Revelation 1:12-13:  "And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks;  And in the MIDST of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man...."


JEHOVAH'S MENORAH IN THE TORAH

It is very interesting that there is a five pronged menorah found hidden in the first paragraphs of the five books of Moses.  These first five books of Moses are called the "Torah" in Hebrew.  There are specific words encoded in the opening paragraphs of these five books.  By counting every fifty letters in Genesis and Exodus the word "Torah" is spelled out.  Beginning with the first "tahv" and counting 50 letters you come to the letter "vav"; then counting another 50 letters you come to "resh"; and counting another 50 letters you come to a "hay".  This spells the word "Torah" (Law) in Hebrew.  Similarly in Numbers and Deuteronomy the word "Torah" is spelled out except it is spelled backwards beginning with the "hay", then the "resh", then the "vav", and finally the "tahv".  The letters are at 50 letter intervals in Numbers, but 49 letter intervals in Deuteronomy.  It is as if the "Torah" in Genesis and Exodus are facing inward toward Leviticus, and the Law in Numbers and Deuteronomy are facing backward to Leviticus.

In Leviticus there is a different word spelled out and at a different interval.  Counting at 8 letter intervals beginning with the second letter in verse one which is a "yod" you get:  "yod", "hay", "vav", "hay" which spells "Jehovah". [3]

Here is a graphic of it:

Torah >   Torah >   JHVH   < Torah   < Torah


GOD'S NAME AND THE NUMBER EIGHT

The sequencing of the letters that spell Jehovah in the first verse of Leviticus, and  pronunciation of the first and last letters of the Hebrew alphabet, "aleph" and "tahv" are both eight.

Numbers in the Bible frequently have special meanings.  For example:  1 signifies unity and primacy;  2 is for division, difference, and can mean enmity;  3 shows completeness;  4 symbolizes the world;  5 means grace;  6 is the number of man; 7 is for perfection, and 8 is the number of new beginnings, resurrection, and infinity.

In Greek as well as in Hebrew the letters of their alphabets are used for numbers as well.  In Greek when the letters of the Lord's name, Jesus (meaning Saviour), are added together you get a total of 888.  Not only so, but other names and titles of Jesus in Greek are multiples of 8.  Observe: 1) Messiah = 656 [8 x 82], 2) Lord = 800 [8 x 100], 3) Son = 880 [8 x 110], 4) Saviour = 1,408 [8 x 176], 5) Christ = 1,480 [8 x 185], 6) Emmanuel = 25,600 [8 x 3200]. [4]


CONCLUSION

Coincidences?  Of course not!  The law of probability forbids that.  These are evidences that God has built into of the Greek and Hebrew alphabets, evidences as to fact of the Deity of the Lord Jesus Christ.

These facts also refute the false teachings of Islam and show that neither eloah, nor elaw, nor allah is the holy Name of God.  Mohammed's is proven to be a false prophet for teaching that God has no son, and for adding to God's holy Word, the Bible.

Proverbs 30:4-6:  "Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his Son's name, if thou canst tell?  Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him.  Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar." (cf. Psalm 2)

A man's name is only as good as his word.  So it is with man, so it is with God.  He magnifies His Word above all His name.

Psalm 138:2:  "I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name for thy lovingkindness and for thy truth: for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name."

What is God's Name?  It is LORD Jahovah, JAH;   it is God with us (Immanuel);  it is Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace;  His name is Jesus (Saviour).  Jesus Christ's Name is above every name.  His name is I AM. Jesus said:

"I AM the living bread which came down from heaven..."  (John 6:51)

"...I AM the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life." (John 8:12)

"...Ye are from beneath; I AM from above: ye are of this world; I AM not of this world." (John 8:23)

"...if ye believe not that I AM he, ye shall die in your sins." (John 8:24)

"...Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I AM." (John 8:58, cf. 18:5-6)

"I AM the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved..." (John 10:9)

"...I AM come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly." (John 10:10)

"I AM the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep." (John 10:10; cf. Mark 10:18)

"...I AM the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live.  And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?" (John 11:25-26)

God cannot die.  That's why He was "made flesh" (John 1:14).  He was born so He could die (Heb 10:5-10).  "...God was manifest in the flesh..." (1 Tim 3:16)  "For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh." (Rom 8:3)  The Bible says:

Isaiah 7:14:  "Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his NAME Immanuel."

Matthew 1:21:  "And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins."

Isaiah 9:6:  "For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his NAME shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace."

Philippians 2:5-11:  "...Christ Jesus:  Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:  But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:  And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.  Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a NAME which is above every name:  That at the NAME of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;  And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father."

Acts 4:12:  "Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other NAME under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved."

Jesus Christ is coming again!  Are you ready to meet Him?  Will you meet Him as Saviour or Judge?

Revelation 19:11-13:  "And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.  His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a NAME written, that no man knew, but he himself.  And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his NAME is called The Word of God."

1 John 5:7, 11-12:  "For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. ... And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.  He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life." [1]

John 1:12:  "But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his NAME."


END NOTES

1.  And These Three Are One (1 John 5:7-8) by Jesse M. Boyd [http://KJV.LandmarkBibleBaptist.net/1John5-7Boyd.html]

2.  False Gods Are Also Called El-aw [0426], El-o-ah [0433],  El [0410], And El-o-heem [0430] (These words simply mean deity, be it true, false, usurped or bestowed)

         A.  Habakkuk 1:6, 11:  "I [God] raise up the Chaldeans, that bitter and hasty nation, which shall march through the breadth of the land, to possess the dwellingplaces that are not theirs. ... Then shall his mind change, and he shall pass over, and offend, imputing this his power unto his god [0433]."

         B.  Jeremiah 10:11:  "Thus shall ye say unto them, The gods [0426] that have not made the heavens and the earth, even they shall perish from the earth, and from under these heavens."

         C.  Daniel 5:4:  "They drank wine, and praised the gods [0426] of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone."

         D.  Exodus 12:12:  "For I will pass through the land of Egypt ... against all the gods [0430] of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD [03068]."

         E.  Exodus 15:11:  "Who is like unto thee, O LORD [03068], among the gods [0410]? who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?"

         F.  Psalm 82:1, 6:  "...God [0430] standeth in the congregation of the mighty [0410]; he judgeth among the gods[0430]. ... I have said, Ye are gods [0430]; and all of you are children of the most High."

         G.  1 Chronicles 16:25: "For great is the LORD [03068], and greatly to be praised: he also is to be feared above all gods [0430]."

         H.  Isaiah 37:38:  "...he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god [0430]..." (Nisroch = "the great eagle", an idol of Nineveh worshipped by Sennacherib; symbolised by the eagle-headed human figure;  cf. 2 Kings 19:37; 2 Chron 32:21)

          I.  Danial 1:1-2:  "In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it.  And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god [0430]; and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god [0430]." (Nebuchadnezzar's god = Nebo / Bel, "two different titles for the same god" [Hislop, p. 34], "the prophetic god" [Hislop, pp. 25-26], "The Prophet" [Hislop, pp. 256, 260])

         J.  Jonah 1:5:  "...the mariners were afraid, and cried every man unto his god [0430]..."

         K.  Micah 4:5:  "For all people will walk every one in the name of his god [0430], and we will walk in the name of the LORD [03068] our God for ever and ever."


3.  J. R. Church and Gary Stearman, The Mystery Of The Menorah,  pp. 34 - 37; Prophecy Publications, P. O. Box 7000, Oklahoma City, OK  73153, 1993.


4.  E. W. Bullinger,  Number In Scripture,  pp. 203 - 204,  Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI  49501,  1967.

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